Ruby is a dynamic & object-oriented programming language used for web development, mobile app development, game development, and data analysis. Ruby syntax is designed in a way it is easy to read & write. Ruby has a built-in garbage collector, which makes memory management easier. It is a dynamic type system, meaning variable types are determined at runtime rather than compile time.
Ruby on Rails is a web application framework written in the Ruby programming language. Rails is the Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture, separation of data management, user interface, and application logic, making it easier to develop, maintain, and test web applications. Rails provides a built-in ORM (Object-Relational Mapping) system. It has a powerful templating system. Rails has a built-in security framework that helps to protect against common web application vulnerabilities. Rails uses a powerful package manager called “RubyGems” to manage third-party libraries or software components that can be easily installed and integrated into a Rails application, providing many functionalities and features that can make the development process faster and easier.
Ruby and Rails, together, provide a powerful toolset for building web applications as they complement each other well.