The tech development marketplace is evolving with the new dawn of time. Every business owner, whether small or large, is looking for opportunities to scale their business and reach a vast strata of audiences worldwide. Web app development plays a crucial role in achieving the same. Web app development involves the front-end and back-end as the two most essential components to deliver responsive and effective software solutions for business owners.
In this blog post, we will consider the top backend technologies that can be significant in creating effective server-side web architectures with stability and efficiency in mind. We know that the backend technologies focus on enhancing web applications' non-visible aspects. These non-visible aspects of web applications play a vital role in the proper execution of functionality in any web application and enable the website's smooth creation and maintenance.
As we know, backend development focuses on managing the server-side functionalities and implementing tasks such as designing the APIs, dealing with the components, and others. However, the simple question persists:
What is Backend Development?
Well! Backend development refers to the server side of a website. These components are invisible to the eye or simply the logic behind the content or pages developed and managed by the backend developers. The backend is responsible for storing and arranging the data, ensuring that everything on the client side of the website works efficiently.
Simply put, back end programming languages are the part of your website or web app you cannot see or the part that doesn’t come in direct contact with the user. The backend developers develop these parts that users can access through the application's front end or website. The functionalities such as writing APIs, creating libraries, and working with the system components without the user interfaces or UIs or even the system for scientific programming are also part of the backend.
The backend is mainly responsible for handling the three components, including the Server, Database, and Logic.
Considering the popularity of the technologies, the TIOBE Index for September 2023 can be found below.
However, with the data above, we can infer that the popularity of a technical stack is something that can tell a lot about market trends and C-Suite preferences. Still, the eternal factor when choosing a backend lies in realizing the needs and requirements of your project.
The radical shift in the backend development has brought about a significant change in the backend development process worldwide. Due to this exponential growth of the backend development, it is crucial to keep up with the sheer amount of technology at their disposal.
Whether you are an IT manager, startup founder, corporate decision maker, or any C-suite executive, it is essential to pick the right backend technology out of the available top backend technologies before you move ahead with your project development. Many factors help you realize the true benefit of back-end development; a few of them are as follows:
Backend Technologies enable your web application to be deployed on various environments, including on-premises servers, cloud computing platforms, hybrid setups, and more. It allows the softwares to adapt to the changing infrastructure and needs to cater to a broader range of users within budgets and meet their needs. Also, it simplifies scaling and migrating your applications as per the requirements.
The back end web development allows for effective data management and sharing across different parts of your application. They allow for APIs and data storage mechanisms that smoothen the communication between the front-ends and the back-end components. This leads to faster and more reliable data exchange, resulting in improved collaboration and more efficient decision-making within a business.
The best backend technologies can significantly affect the user experience for a website or an application. These collectively improve the user experience through real-time data updates, handling concurrent user requests and quick response to user actions, personalized recommendations, and social media integrations. Collectively, this makes the applications more engaging and valuable for the end-users.
The top backend technologies can efficiently automate workflows and reduce manual tasks such as scheduled tasks, data processing, email notifications, and customer support. This collectively improves efficiency and reduces the possibility of human errors. With automated tasks and streamlined workflows, your employees can focus on more strategic tasks and improve the efficiency of your business processes.
The backend technologies enable businesses to develop applications faster and with higher efficiency and quality. Your developers can leverage the potential of the pre-built components and APIs. They can follow the best practices to achieve better results faster with tasks such as testing and deployment, and that too with higher-quality code. This allows bringing new products and features faster within the market.
The backend technologies ensure that the applications can handle the increased loads and are effectively scalable with the growing user base. This can be achieved effectively using cloud computing platforms or by implementing load balancing, caching, and database scaling. Also, they help improve the robustness of your applications, making them more performant under heavy workloads
The best backend technologies help businesses enhance the security of their applications with features such as authentication, authorization, and data encryption. These features help protect sensitive data by providing access only to authorized users. They also offer debugging and monitoring tools and frameworks that help simplify development by addressing security vulnerabilities and performance issues.
Several backend technologies have gained significance in the past few years, and the rest have been within the spectrum for a long time. Let us discover some of the best backend technologies significant in backend development to help you gain an edge in this competitive marketplace based on your needs and requirements.
Golang is an open-source programming language by the experts at Google intended to simplify the software development process. The Go language presents code efficiency that makes it ideal for companies looking for lean and efficient coding, making it an ideal choice for business owners.
Using Golang backend offers powerful performance, scalability, simplified code, easy maintenance, and an industry-agnostic and internet-friendly approach, making it an ideal choice for building several applications, such as
Uber uses Golang for their geofence service and is responsible for the user’s location and product availability. The Geofence service simplifies identifying the precise area with special requirements and accordingly implements dynamic prices.
Laravel is a scalable PHP framework with an MVC architecture that allows writing less code with more functionality. It has built-in security features protect your app from common security threats, enabling it to use existing components from other frameworks. Laravel also allows for more efficient app structures and pragmatism.
Laravel is the ideal backend for your business when security is prime. It allows building a wide range of web apps from small to large scale, whether you cater to the eCommerce market, B2B, B2C, retail, or others. Laravel can be your ideal choice for apps such as:
URazorpay manages enormous payments for both B2B and B2C transactions. Laravel's next-gen security became the ideal choice for RazorPay to accept and process payment and add-on features such as disbursement on the product suite.
Node.js is a cross-platform runtime environment for the server-side and networking applications. It leverages an event-driven, non-blocking I/O model that is lightweight and effective. Node.js is the perfect choice for business owners looking to improve performance and scale their profits.
Node.js is an excellent choice for quick prototyping and efficient scaling of the backend services like authentication and databases. Its modularity offers efficient maintenance and testing that can be easily reused in other projects, making it cost-effective. The apps you can build using Node.js are:
Netflix used Node.js as their ideal backend and reduced the startup time by up to 70% compared to the previous start-up time. The interface that used to take up to 5-10 seconds to load now loads in approx.1-2 seconds.
Django is a Python-based open-source backend framework that helps solve complex issues and create performant projects. It abides by the DRY principle and follows an MVC architecture that benefits large projects and web applications. This enables differentiating the working process with data, layout, and logic.
Django enables your development team to pace up their development speed. This allows for more time to enhance the efficiency of your project and enables managing user authentication, content administration, site maps, RSS feeds, and others. The apps you can build using Django are:
NASA, the renowned government website, uses the Django framework for some of its functional elements that are more reliability-centric. The Django backend enables them to handle approximately 2 million monthly visits and high-resolution imagery.
PHP is a server-side scripting language for web development, meaning the code is executed on the server and thereby the results are sent to the client. It is widely used to create dynamic web pages. It can generate HTML, process form data, connect to databases, and more.
PHP is a popular web development choice as it is easy to learn, powerful, and flexible. Another reason behind the popularity of the PHP backend language is that it is easy to learn and is a powerful and versatile scripting language for web development. The applications you can build using the PHP backend are:
Slack, the primary team communication application with over 3 million daily users, has implemented PHP in its backend development to enhance workflow efficiency, minimize web request times, and reduce program errors.
Flask is a light-weight open-source micro-framework from Python. It enables businesses to get their application running in no time without worrying about low-level tasks such as thread management and protocols. The open-source nature enables it to remain updated with the latest tools and features by members of the Flask community.
Despite being a microframework, Flask leverages crucial elements like the Werkzeug WSGI toolkit and the Jinja2 template engine for backend development. It also offers a server, debugger, and extensibility through extensions. The apps you can build with Flask are:
Pinterest, a social platform, employs Flask as its core technology to provide users with a vast database of images, GIFs, and videos for image and link sharing via pinboards.
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Ruby on Rails is a backend technology focusing on creating high-performance web platforms. It is highly efficient when programming a wide range of tasks for a web application. Ruby on Rails uses concise code, making detecting and rectifying any arising errors easier.
Ruby on Rails has conventions that simplify it for developers to make it easier for them as there are standard structures and coding practices followed. Also, it is famous for rapid application development and can be easily modified with required changes. The RoR is ideal for apps like:
Shopify employs Ruby on Rails, providing a rapid and efficient method for web app development. Its modular structure enables developers to integrate custom modules and plugins, enhancing the platform's functionality.
ASP.NET's versatility, scalability, robust security features, and extensive components library make it an adaptable choice for constructing various web applications across diverse industries. Specifically:
United Airlines employs ASP.NET for its online booking and reservation system, enabling customers to search, reserve, and manage flights online efficiently.
Spring Boot (Java Spring Boot) is an open-source Java framework that simplifies the development of web applications and microservices, emphasizing ease of setup and configuration. It was designed to simplify the development of stand-alone, production-grade web and enterprise applications.
Spring Boot aims to make development faster and more efficient. It achieves this through features like automatic setup, a predefined approach to settings, and the ability to create standalone applications. With Spring Boot, you can build:
Zillow uses the Spring Boot backend for its real-estate platform. Leveraging the Spring Boot’s capabilities for powerful data access and integration capabilities enables them to handle and effectively manage large amounts of data efficiently
Express is a Node.js web application framework known for its extensive capabilities in developing web and mobile apps. It's ideal for creating single-page, multi-page, and hybrid web applications, serving as a layer on top of Node.js to simplify server and route management, making it a preferred choice for business owners.
Express.js is a versatile and widely used framework for Node.js that is fast, unopinionated, and minimalist. It enables building APIs, web, mobile, and cross-platform applications with the utmost efficiency. The types of applications businesses can get using Express.js are:
IBM has been using Express.js for several products and services that it has developed, such as IBM API Connect, IBM Cloud Functions, IBM Watson, IBM Cloud Pak for Data, IBM Cloud Pak for Integration, and more. The credit goes to express.js, flexibility, and scalability that well suits the needs of these products and services.
Several factors are crucial for business owners worldwide when deciding on a backend technology that best suits their needs and requirements. In addition, the factors that can influence the efficiency of your web app are:
Based on the extensive information provided above, it's evident that there are several leading backend technologies available in the market to consider for your next project. We've also highlighted real-world use cases from top companies successfully utilizing these top backend technologies in web app development. Additionally, we've discussed the optimal front-end combinations for these back-end technologies, offering valuable insights.
However, if you are still uncertain about selecting the most suitable backend technology for your upcoming project, why not seek expert guidance? Our highly experienced development team is ready to assist you in achieving remarkable results for your web app. We offer top-tier backend solutions tailored to your needs and requirements, ensuring your project's success.
What factors influence the choice of your backend?
The factors that can impact the choice of your backend technology for your next project include Project size and complexity, Performance and scalability, Security, Developer experience, and Community support.
Which backend technologies can handle extensive data and traffic volumes?
Technologies like Node.js, Java, and Python are well-suited for managing extensive data and high traffic loads based on your project's specific demands and team expertise.
What role does the database play in the backend development?
Databases are pivotal in backend development and are responsible for data storage and management. The choice and optimization of databases are vital aspects of the backend development.
What are the Top Programming Languages for Backend Development?
The most renowned backend programming languages include Python, Java, Node.js, Ruby, PHP, and Go.