Imagine a construction worker learning how to seat windows and line up bricks without first understanding how all this will hold up? Well, it’s almost the same with software! This is what you will learn in this article.
Everything you see on your screen is considered as front-end. Front-end means what’s ahead, so it’s what can be viewed by the user when visiting a website or opening an application. This layer can also be called a “Client-side,” that is, “part of the client.” Imagine a wall clock, where you have the hands where the numbers of the hours, the art of the clock background, the frame, etc. All of this would represent the front end of the clock. Already the gears, springs, the pile, and all the internal mechanism we cannot see would be the back end.
Bringing this same reasoning to the development of websites and applications, the whole visible part, or that affects the visible part of an application is part of the front end. For example, Menus, Buttons, Images, Fonts, and Forms, all this is part of the layer that can be seen, therefore the front end.
Imagine the system of an ATM, you insert your card and then your password. The interface where you enter your password is the front-end and is being serviced by the ATM (it’s the client / client-side part). So far, so good. But after you press confirm, have you ever wondered how the ATM checks if your password is correct?
For security reasons, it would not be smart to store all the passwords in the ATM itself. And imagine if someone decides to change their password, all the boxes would have to update at the same time. So, there is what we call a server, which is nothing more than a computer, or a network of computers that “serve” certain information to a client computer. Hence comes the term server-side, representing the server-side.
That’s where the back-end layer comes in, which we do not see. Once you enter your password in an ATM, the cashier’s computer will send your password to a server that will process your data, check if your password checks your bank account, and return a message of success or error, allowing you to or not access to the functions of your account.
The backend is the part of the software that runs on the server, so it is also known as server-side. It is the back-end that provides and guarantees all business rules, database access, security, and scalability.
While the front end may also have some rules and validations, it is the backend that must ensure data integrity. Developers who prefer to specialize only in the backend are generally not very good at leaving beautiful pages with good usability but are better at business rules, database and all things running on the server.
Whoever works both front-end and back-end is known as “Fullstack Developer.” This is a complete type of professional who can deliver a project from start to finish without necessarily needing help from another person to create a part of the system. To become a skilled and valued FullStack Developer on the market, the first step is to know the basics of architecture and technologies you will use. It is a big mistake to start learning software development by technologies without understanding the basic architecture.
Skills & Tools for a Full Stack Developer
To illustrate everything, what are the skills that a good full stack developer must have to be considered Full Stack with a capital “F”?
- Back end: exceptional knowledge of PHP, Phyton, JAVA, Laravel, and Symfony.
- Front end: essential knowledge of JS + Node, Vue, React and Angular.
- Knowledge of relational and nonrelational DBs, hence SQL and MongoDB
Trend and Market Demand of Full Stack Development
According to StackOverflow Survey
Why Choose to be a Full Stack Developer
The biggest benefits of working as a Full-Stack Developer is the range of opportunities you can fit in because as a Full-Stack Developer, you can work with a variety of technologies. The market always has open positions if the person is good and do well what he does is very difficult to be unemployed because you can work as a CLT, as a PJ, freelancer, remotely (for domestic companies or out of the country), that is, there are many options and many open positions that you can run.
Also, you can work in several areas of a product, so I have the opportunity to gain not only technical knowledge but also business knowledge, I can participate in several technical and business discussions and also help in the decision of new tools, methodologies, and technologies to be used in the projects.
Choosing between Front End and Back-end or Full Stack is a dilemma that can only be solved through an analysis of:
- What are your career goals? Be a professional expert in a particular area, or acquire a more flexible and versatile profile?
- Do you want to know how to develop a web site/application from start to finish and thus conduct your projects yourself?
- Do you need to broaden your opportunities or intensify your knowledge in the industry you care about?
- Being a complete professional is a requirement that you consider essential?
A full-stack developer is the one who has all the keys to the house; there isn’t any door that he cannot open. The full-stack developer has all the exceptional expertise to work on front-end and back-end development simultaneously and holds the potential to get the job done single-handedly. So, if you are looking to hire full stack developer who has acquired all expertise across all the stacks and have familiarity with all the components mentioned above then get in touch with the expert at [email protected] to discuss further.