Selecting the right front-end frameworks is crucial for developing user-centric web applications. However, the main problem arises when as a product owner, you have to select the best amongst the available options. Generally, product owners don’t look forward to choosing the appropriate one but the one that best suits their app and business requirements.
However, the front end app selection process depends on various factors, including team size, framework, learning curve, performance, community, testing, and support. This blogpost aims to guide you in choosing the best front end framework Vue versus React. Here is a detailed picture with side by side comparison of both the front-end frameworks Vue vs React 2023.
Vue vs React : Overview
Generally, business requirements and scenarios are important factors when picking one of the two: Vue js vs Reactjs. Both are highly capable, perfect, and meet unique business requirements. Besides differences, there are many similarities between Vue and React. If named, both use virtual DOM and component-based architecture, each uses props, and both the JS frameworks carry out debugging with the help of Chrome Dev Tools.
What is Vue?
Vue gives developers the scope of expanding the web functionalities using personalized modules, visual components, and high decoupling.
Vue Usage Statistics
Below are some noteworthy market usage statistics for Vue. Have a look.
- As per BuiltWith, 1,982,621 websites are using Vue, and 1,686,581 sites have used Vue historically
- The Vue community has 199 K GitHub stars with 32.8 K Forked projects.
- EuroNews, GitLab, Grammarly, BuzzFeed, Nintendo, and Trustpilot are some of the renowned names benefitting from VueJS.
- Components: This feature helps Vue build custom elements that can later be reused in HTML.
- Detailed Documentation: It provides a basic learning curve via point-by-point documentation.
- Adaptability: This Vue feature makes it basic, hassle-free migration with an efficient structure.
- Transition: Several methodologies are given in Vue to put a transition to HTML components while they are involved and excluded from the DOM.
What is React?
React Usage Statistics
Have a look at some market statistics for ReactJS. Have a look.
- React ranks 2nd in the list of the most common web technologies by StackOverflow 2022 with 42.62%.
- React has completed its fifth year as the most wanted framework by StackOverflow 2022 by 22.54%.
- As per Statista’s worldwide Developer survey in 2022, ReactJS is used by 42.62% of developers.
- Besides having a continuously growing community, ReactJS boasts more than 194 k Github stars with 40.2 k Fork projects.
- According to BuiltWith, 10,883,823 websites use React, and 4,896,218 sites have used this technology previously.
- Code Reusability: It enables developers to reuse code components whenever needed while working on the project.
- Scalability: Reactjs has adaptable scalability, making its structure suitable for huge-scale applications.
Why Compare Vue vs React 2023?
Vue has been gaining much attentive momentum and is gaining popularity lately. Reactjs being in the picture for quite a time now, developers are always looking forward to switching their projects to a framework that performs better than the one they have been using all this while. Due to many similarities between React and Vue, both frameworks are often compared. However, Vue, a new technology in the market, comes with different drawbacks. Hence, a need arises to carefully compare both frameworks Vue vs React in 2023 to conclude which among the two can better respond to your business requirements.
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Vue vs Reactjs Pros and Cons
Pros of Vue.js
- Integration and migration of Vue is managed easily. It is progressive.
- The framework had an effective size. With each update and version, it gets fast and lighter.
- It has a conventional approach that makes the application-building process easier and faster.
- Features functional extension due to additive API features.
- It has a robust, productive environment. Hence, there is no requirement for checking/updating the application for improvements. Updates take place by default.
Cons of Vue.js
- Vue’s community lacks basic language understandability.
- Because it is a new and young framework, it has a small community with lesser support.
- Vue offers excess flexibility. Hence, it overcomplicates the project resulting in excess code irregularities and errors.
- Resource limitation. Despite a wide ecosystem, Vue does not provide tools and plugins that are generally compatible with most frameworks and tool sources.
Pros of React
- Excellent user experience and loading speeding due to easy code readability and elimination.
- Code organizations for future use.
- Increase the effectiveness and efficiency of web pages. Zero need to reload web pages.
- Vast and robust community.
- Reusability of Components and easy nesting of components to develop complex functionalities.
- Develops high-performing applications with excellent client-side experience.
Cons of React
- Constant updates
- Elevated code complexity
- Focuses on view only
Vue vs React Similarities
Looking up the similarities, Vue and React share a couple of common traits, as verified by the Vue.js official documentation. The creator Evan You, also accepted that React is the inspiration behind the creation of Vue. Given below are the similarities between both React and Vue Share among themselves.
- Virtual DOM
- Deliver reactive and composable view components
- Progressive Web Apps (PWA) support
- Backward compatible and Simple version migration
- Provide additional libraries for routing and global state management, etc.
- Deliver an excellent user experience
- Integrate with any existing web apps
React vs Vue Comparison
Regarding Vue vs React comparison, you should first remember that Vue is a framework and React is a library. Vue comes with a plugin system, built-in directives, and syntactic sugars transitions, whereas React allows component architecture, DOM manipulation, and state management. The main difference between Vue js vs React js is Vue creates a data object, and React creates a state object.
Vue is a lightweight framework that’s easy to learn and use. It’s been around for longer than React, which has more documentation and community support. However, it doesn’t scale as well as React, making it less suitable for large-scale projects.
React is a more robust framework that offers better performance and scalability. However, it has a steep learning curve and can be challenging to use for beginners. In addition, React doesn’t have as much community support as Vue.
||Evan You & Team
||Prefferable for light weight web and single-page applications
||Prefferablefor modern web development
||HTML (default), JSX
||Require basic programming knowledge.
||Not as great as Angular
|Updates And Migration
||Open-source project sponsored through crowdsourcing
||Facebook developer’s community
||Alibaba, Grammarly, Gitlab, IPL Dashboard, Baidu
||Instagram, UberEats, DropBox, Facebook, Airbnb, Netflix, Walmart, PayPal, Twitter
🟠 Vue vs React Popularity
React wins the popularity parameter between Vue vs React. Given that Facebook supports this technology, its increased popularity and community are unsurprising. Although Vue has a smaller community and fewer tools and modules, Evan You and the team continue to promote it.
Regarding employment chances, React is well ahead of Vue because it has been around since 2013 and is supported by social media giant Facebook. On the other hand, Vue.js popularity is a young candidate that is still growing.
🟠 Vue vs React Learning Curve Comparison
Generally, Vue app can be developed with less coding than React, as you can see in the reference codes given above. It simplifies the development process, saving both time and money.
🟠 Vue vs React App Performance and Speed
As you add more components to your Vue.js application, it becomes a bit less evident and slow. This makes it more challenging for the application to load more quickly. Fortunately, a virtual DOM is included in this framework to improve application speed. Lazy loading is one of Vue’s most significant features. It contributes to a faster load time.
Comparatively, a React application runs faster, has a better customer experience, and has separate components that work well together. React’s component-based architecture helps to create more robust single-page applications, while reusability lowers the complexity of the code and eliminates DOM interaction to speed up page loading. Additionally, the library makes necessary adjustments to the website without requiring a full page reload. Eventually, it refreshes the material rather than wasting time loading the website.
To know which among the two performs better, let’s refer to the significant js framework benchmark that helped us out in the same.
🟠 React vs Vue Scaling Potential
Scalability with front-end frameworks can only infer two ways, extending a single-page app or adding more pages to an existing multi-page app. React and Vue both offer efficient routing and scaling solutions.
React is suitable for lightweight and multi-page apps. You can import a library and add JS features using React components. The same library is functional for big SPAs. With React, you get third-party form packages and routing solutions like Flux and Redux to ease your scaling process.
Vue is a good choice for interactive multi-page apps. You can import a core library easily and add vue to an existing multi-page app without using components for simple features. For routing and form validation, you can install additional packages; installing these project dependencies as plugins improve flexibility, and you don’t have to change or configure the stack; updating the plugin satisfies the purpose.
Vue is not a good choice for SPAs but is not even intended for it; with growing needs, reusing HTML templates gets more complex than JSX syntax. Hence, React offers better scalability than Vue.
🟠 Vue vs React Component Support
Both Reactjs vs Vuejs come with huge component libraries, which enable developers to build the application faster; the reusability of components code enhances developer productivity as they develop UI based on components.
Adding third-party libraries to Vue vs React applications is really simple. Most of the React source libraries are upgraded versions of existing components. Many third-party libraries in Vue use the built-in plugin system.
🟠 Vue vs React for the Adoption of Mobile Devices
For React, you can create native mobile apps with React Native, a hybrid mobile app framework. It benefits your existing skillset to develop native mobile apps and saves time learning a new technology from scratch. With React Native, you can reuse up to 99% of code between Android and iOS with React-like components.
Vue is a bit dicey on this front; it doesn’t have a dedicated platform for mobile app development. But, you can use Weex, a mobile UI framework that uses Vue components to build iOS and Android apps and allow reusing web code.
React is an unrivaled winner here, with its established mark and one of the reasons why product owners prefer React Native. Weex is almost unknown in the community and is not even much talked about, which pushes down its credibility.
🟠 Vue vs React Tools and Templates
Ever since its launch, React has offered a third-party CLI tool called create-react-app, which helps programmers with activities like scripting, app development, and other related tasks. Before, React programmers had two options: copy files from older projects or start from scratch. Although it didn’t take long, it was a laborious process.
On the other hand, Vue includes a tool called Vue CLI that enables quick project creation. The flexibility to install plugins at any project stage and ease of customization are just two benefits of Vue CLI.
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🟠 Vue and React Ecosystem
React needs third-party libraries, whereas Vue is a standalone framework. One of the biggest distinctions between the two technologies is this one. React is dependent on other systems like Flux/Redux for routing and state management. These frameworks simplify debugging by giving users a single method for changing the state. The ecosystem has become more disjointed due to Facebook giving users control over react-redux and react-router.
Fewer libraries are partners with Vue. However, several React-required functionalities, such as props validation, are presently available in Vue. The Vue team is responsible for upkeeping and maintaining core Vue frameworks like Vuex and Vue-router.
🟠 React vs Vue Reliability on Third-party Platforms
However, it is not the case with VueJS. The third-party technologies are not vital to Vue as the functionalities are already built-in. You can use them as per your will, but they are not paramount.
🟠 Vue vs React Server Side Rendering (SSR)
SSR allows you to load an interactable template initially and add content later. Without it, the users would stare at an empty page amid the loading and rendering. Social networks often fail to display content shared from client-rendered sites correctly.
Vue takes down React in this segment with its in-built SSR functionality. React requires third-party libraries like Next.js to render pages on the server.
🟠 React vs Vue Security Parameters
Both React and Vue js contain security issues. Although, Vue apps are marginally simpler to secure than React-based ones. Though one cannot access auto defense against XSS concerns, still, Vue.js developers can edit and verify HTML code before implementing it. They can even utilize additional libraries to help prevent any attacks. In situations where you are confident that the HTML is secure, you can immediately build web pages while securing the applications before and after producing.
React security relies on the programmer adhering to security guidelines to protect against SQL injections, XSS flaws, and other attacks. React is easy to use, but it takes a lot of knowledge and experience to ensure that React projects are secure.
🟠 Vue vs React Product Testing
ReactJS includes a number of practical test runners that simplify following the development process. When executing test suites, testers can use test runners like Mocha, Jest, and many more to identify weaknesses in unnecessary functions, real browser configurations, and the location of excessive function manipulation. It expedites application deployment, reduces time to market, and boosts an efficient environment.
Since Vue is only getting started, its testing capabilities are basic but efficient. It does not put the ability to test the code at risk and does not offer excessively opulent tools. Two official testing libraries offered are Vue Testing Library and Test Utils. This architecture allows for CI/CD, hot reloading, and the establishment of faster feedback mechanisms.
🟠 Vue vs React Community Support
The largest social networking site, Facebook, consistently supports React. The main benefit is that React is constantly being developed and improved by a dedicated team at Facebook. Vue is not, however, supported by a significant company. This is not to imply that it lacks public support or is unpopular. In-between Vue vs React community, the Vue community is smaller than the React community.
Vuejs vs React 2023 comparison from the point of view of Stackoverflow, there are significantly more than 398775 queries about React. Additionally, it has over 195k stars on Github as of the writing of this sentence. Furthermore, there are over 94976 Vue-related questions on StackOverflow and more than 199k Vue-related stars on Github.
🟠 Vue vs React Code Comparison (JSX and HTML Templating)
However, Vue has a more traditional approach with Single File Components and distinct blocks for HTML templates, styles, and JS, which is familiar to any front-end developer, making it easy to learn. Any valid HTML can be a Vue template, allowing you to migrate your project to Vue gradually. Vue will enable you to use SCSS or CSS scoping instead of CSS. Write your code in preprocessors; or drop templates in favor of render functions or JSX.
Ultimately, there is not much of a difference between both JSX and HTML in React vs Vue, and though JSX seems more potent at the overview, it is all based on the preference of the product owners.
🟠 Vue vs React Re-rendering and Optimization
Speed is not the only comparison metric for getting a clear winner in React vs Vue. For performance, let’s consider re-rendering. Re-rendering is a second render for updating the state.
In React, with a component state change, the React mechanism re-renders the whole component tree. To prevent these unnecessary re-renders, you need to use extra properties.
However, Vue delivers an optimized re-rendering where the system keeps track of the dependencies amid rendering and acts as needed. This distinct adaptable re-rendering allows Vue a special place among product owners and in the market.
🟠 Vue vs React Routing and State Management Solutions
In component-based frameworks like React and Vue, you must keep state management and data flow in mind while scaling your app. And the reason behind this is the interaction and sharing of data between many components.
React presents Flux/Redux architecture featuring unidirectional data flow and an alternative to the traditional MVC architecture. Vue, on the other side, has a more advanced architecture called Vuex that integrates into Vue to deliver an exceptional User experience.
🟠 Cross-Platform App Development Vue Native vs React Native
Both the frameworks offer cross-platform app development and are giving tuff competition to each other.
React Native is a top-end choice for React users to create native rendered apps. And Vue’s Weex is evolving quickly and aims to provide a smooth development experience for developing iOS and Android apps, but it still has a long run to go.
So, there is no winner in this segment but a matter of choice and preference.
🟠 Vue vs React CLI (Create React App vs Vue-cli)
In old times, building an app on the client side was a novice task, needing an index.html file with a styles.css file, then linking the JQuery library with the index.html for functionality, and your job is done. But, today, the time has evolved, though you can insert links to the React and Vue libraries in the project’s index.html file and build your apps as in JQuery, but React or Vue aren’t enough for modern SPAs alone. As browsers still lack all modern JS features support. Also, developing complex parts and testing are essential. So, here comes the modern-day solution you can hinge on for the client-side development of your app.
React, and Vue ecosystems have special tools that can significantly simplify your life in terms of building a development environment for your projects. So, let’s talk about a few of them that make creating the client side of your app handy.
Create React App – a Command Line Interface for React
Today, both React and Vue need easy access to the environment. In React Create App, while creating a project, the package.json doesn’t get flooded with numerous dependencies. So, it seems that everything is easy to operate. Let’s take an introductory look at it for a better understanding.
In the official React CLI, Create React App, you run the “create-react-app” command from the terminal, which installs and configures Webpack and Babel and other dependencies that will be hidden in the NPM modules directory.
React’s CLI also offers several additional commands:
Starts the development server.
npm run build
Bundles the app into static files for production.
Starts the test runner.
npm run eject
Removes this tool and copies build dependencies, configuration files and scripts into the app directory. If you do this, you can't go back!
Vue-cli – a Command Line Interface for VueJS
Vue allows you to build your own project templates and add plugins if required during the development cycle.
Simply, Vue allows the vue-cli tool for Vue-based projects. You can create an environment with several possible options:
- A complete setup with Webpack or Browserify for managing app modules; besides Webpack or Browserify, you can get other essential libraries for hot reloading and code linting and a few frameworks for testing.
- A simple setup with only Webpack and vue-loader or Browserify with vueify.
For vue-cli, you can install vue-router for routing and vue-resource for making AJAX requests.
The core difference between React and Vue CLIs is that every dependency in the React Create App is hidden in the NPM directory, or you can infer that the package.json file in a React app will be much cleaner than what you get with vue-cli.
The following package.json file was created by the Create React App. As we can see, there are only a few dependencies:
"start": "react-scripts start",
"build": "react-scripts build",
"test": "react-scripts test --env=jsdom",
"eject": "react-scripts eject"
Create React App lets you move all the dependencies from the NPM folder back to the package.json file. If you want to change a dependency, Create React App enables you to do so: just use the “npm run eject” command.
If you create a complete Webpack package with vue-cli, you’ll get the following package.json file:
"description": "A Vue.js project",
"author": "Sviatoslav Andrushko ",
"dev": "node build/dev-server.js",
"start": "node build/dev-server.js",
"build": "node build/build.js",
"unit": "cross-env BABEL_ENV=test karma start test/unit/karma.conf.js --single-run",
"e2e": "node test/e2e/runner.js",
"test": "npm run unit && npm run e2e",
"lint": "eslint --ext .js,.vue src test/unit/specs test/e2e/specs"
"karma-mocha": "^1.3.0","karma-phantomjs-launcher": "^1.0.2",
"node": ">= 4.0.0",
"npm": ">= 3.0.0"
"last 2 versions",
"not ie <= 8"
This is what you get with package.json based on a complete Webpack installation. However, vue-cli is flexible and allows you to choose from four project templates. You can also create a custom template with your favourite libraries and then, use this template as per your preference.
The React and Vue CLI will immediately equip most developers with all the necessary tools. React Create App is a cleaner way to create a project, as the package.json file doesn’t get cluttered with dozens of dependencies. But Vue offers a tad more flexibility with its custom template option.
Vue vs React App Development Cost Comparison
The development cost is the most essential and deciding parameter when choosing between Vue js and React js. You definitely have a defined project budget and hence must know the cost to hire React developer and Vue developer.
However, at Bacancy, we offer simple and transparent pricing, along with NDA, code security, and an easy exit policy at just $23/hr.
What to Choose When Between Vue js and React JS
🟠 Choose Vue if,
- You want to develop single-page applications and progressive web apps
- You want to extend the overall functionality of your existing apps
- You wish to begin with your project as soon as possible
- You wish to hold a better separation of concerns in your project
🟠 Choose React if,
- You wish to build scalable apps without wanting any hassle of Debugging and Testing
- You are looking forward to building media sites and video streaming platforms
- You want to play around tons of tools, ecosystem, and libraries
- You wish to develop a complex application that has a better time-to-market
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Vue or React Frontend App Development
The selection procedure between Vue or React for front-end app development boils down to a specific scenario and your business requirements.
Now that you have a precise idea regarding both languages, you can make a better decision. In a nutshell, for anybody who is looking forward to building complex applications with the ability to expand the same shortly by bringing in more developers with the flexible and powerful framework, React is your ideal choice. If not, Vue works flawlessly when you wish to build a lightweight and simple application. Vue could be a better fit.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
React has a few advantages over Vue. First, React uses a virtual DOM, which means that it only updates parts of the DOM that have changed instead of re-rendering the entire DOM tree on every change. This makes React apps much faster and more responsive. Second, React has a large and active community, which means there are more resources available (such as tutorials, libraries, and so on) and more people to turn to for help. Third, React is supported by Facebook, which means it has a strong backing.
Typically, ReactJS is one-way binding, and VueJS is two-way binding. Hence, VueJS implies more computer resources as compared to ReactJS. Considering the learning curve, Vue is much easier than React. Additionally, apps built-in Vue require a shorter duration as compared to React.
As per Google Trends and StackOverflow, React has acquired considerable popularity compared to Vue. However, considering GitHub, Vue overtakes React with its stars. This means both the languages are quite popular and are here to stay for long.
In terms of performance and stability both Vue and React are similar. Vue also uses virtual DOM, beteer has better stabaility than React.