Angular and ReactJS: A Brief Description
Angular is a Full-fledged MVC framework developed and overseen by Google and written in TypeScript.
ReactJS and Angular both the frameworks come under MIT – Massachusetts Institute of Technology license.
AngularJS Vs. ReactJS: Framework against Library
The Benefits of Angular
- Developers are comfortable with Angular and find it easier to develop a customized Document Model Object (DOM)
- Free access to extensive angular libraries that help create robust template solutions
- Leverage the benefit of in-built dependency injection subsystem
- To conduct a unit test in AngularJS, first of all, you are required to inject the mock data into the controller then view the result along with its behavior. You can separately build single pages and combine with the components to understand the outcome
- It offers single routing and interactive UI with data binding
- Full extension to HTML syntax and with the use of it you can build reusable components by directives
- Ivy render a modern generation of the Angular rendering engine that considerably improves the performance
- Protractor, Karma, and Jasmine are the tools for debugging and front-end testing
- Visual Studio Code, WebStorm, Aptana are most popular code editors usually used with Angular
What Are the Drawbacks?
- For a developer, it’s so easy to build a customized DOM. However, they will face problems associated with DOM elements
- Limited resources to routing
- Debugging is difficult at times.
- Developers are finding it challenging to integrate with the third party
- Sometimes pages can be slow due to the interactive elements.
The Benefits of ReactJS
- All the components written in different files should be bundled with better management. Webpack is a standard code bundler
- React Router is a standard URL routing library most commonly used with React.
- Babel – a transcompiler convert JSX into JS for the application to be comprehended by browsers
- Redux accelerates the work of React in large applications and accomplishes components with many dynamic elements, and it is also used for rendering.
- React has numbers familiar editors like Visual Studio Code, Sublime Text and Atom
- Flux Library is an excellent library made of Java scripts that allows the developers to manage data across apps
- Enhance React components with decorator’s feature by wrapping it in various other functions.
- ReactJS is view oriented.
- ReactJS works perfectly fine with iOS and Android platforms
- It provides a superb user interface, and you can easily get knowledge on API.
- ReactJS lets you build an isomorphic or universal web application with server-side rendering
What Are the Drawbacks?
- It’s a library, not a framework
- Not every developer prefer to work with JSX or syntax because of its complexity
- The architectures keep on modifying by the time
- The numbers of tools and documents are kept on releasing that is also a hurdle for the developer
- At the time of incorporating ReactJS into MVC, some configurations should take care of
A short overview of AngularJS and ReactJS
Regular DOM vs. Virtual Dom
You would have probably heard that react make use of virtual DOM and its one of the feature that makes React app perform so fast. Let me make you understand with an example if you want to update production numbers within HTML tags. Virtual DOM compares the differences and changes the part that is required to be updated. On the other hand, Angular makes use of regular DOM to update the entire structure of HTML tags. In the real scenario, it matters, because hundreds of data requests on the same page and that drastically affects the application performance to the user’s experience.
Have you ever how the data morphing works? The component defines the UI and the framework re-renders the entire element when the data changes and ensure that data is up to the mark. To deal with the state to React, Redux is being used as the solution. Usually, Angular application does not require Redux, but if the application is large enough then in such exceptional cases you will be required to take help of Redux. Some programmers prefer to go with MobX. MobX has the magical capability to determine the changes automatically.
One- way vs. two-way binding is one of the most significant differences between React and Angular. Angular makes use of two-way data binding. Any minor change in the UI element will alter the model state changes as well. On the other side of the coin, any modification in the model state will alter the UI element.
Whereas React has one-way binding. Any changes in the UI element does not affect the model. There are some common ways through state management or callback libraries. As per my experience, Angular is more comfortable at first, but when the application becomes larger React is making debugging much easier. So, both of them have their pros and cons; all you are required to understand is the concept and influence of your framework decision.
Angular provides a large number of native options as it allows you to leverage the benefits from various options that make it possible to start a project faster without being intimidated by other options.
Angular’s Model–view–ViewModel provides the advantages to lessen the loading speed of web pages. Whereas it reduces entrances to the server and communication is also in the asynchronous mode. Angular’s UI is on the client side so part of the back-end is eliminated and it also improves the speed of the web applications.
Whereas React forms its own virtual DOM to bring comfort navigation within a website to get the data displayed without being refresh the page. Angular JS provides low performance with multifaceted and dynamic apps. Also, On the other hand, ReactJS app performs faster than AngularJS for the same size.
Software design pattern plays a huge role in making components maintainable, reusable and testable. AngularJS robotically look for an appropriate object with parameters such as $scope, $filter, store, and $routeParams to smoothly perform dependency injection in the AngularJS framework.
On the other hand, dependency injection with React is missing. React makes it possible through ECMAScript 6, RequireJS and Browserify. Considerably this is one of the significant points of comparison between these two frameworks.
Directives And Templates
Angular has its standard directives to perform on DOM.ng-bind or ng-app. The framework also lets you build your directives. This is considered as one of the most powerful ways to work with DOM. In short, you can use both the types of directives to bind elements in Angular applications.
React does not provide any sort of directives or template logic. In the React you are required to reinterpret templates as it does not allow to write template itself.
Thanks to the Angular’s intuitive design and powerful CLI as this makes it easy to scale. Whereas React is easily testable, thus it is scalable to the other frameworks like Vue.js.
Comparison in the Context of Different Attributes
|DOM||Regular DOM||Virtual DOM|
|Debugging General||Good HTML/Bad JS||Good JS/Bad HTML|
|Debug Line No||No||Yes|
|Unclosed Tag Mentioned?||No||Yes|
|Templating||In HTML||In JSX files|
|Templating||In HTML||In JSX files|
|Building Mobile ?||Yes||View Layer only|
|Rendering||Client side||Server Side|
Both the front-end frameworks have great support from their communities and whether it’s Angular or ReactJS both of them have strong documentation although they have their philosophies on how application development is addressed. Considering the above discussion, I have tried my level best to highlight the difference between the two powerhouses. Still, it’s hard to declare one as a clear winner. Thus, to make it even easier,
Choose ReactJS When:
A website that has dynamically modifying content that changes your views and looks simultaneously in such situation choose ReactJS. React is evaluating and complementing technology. So, if you are willingly ready to progress with a slower initial phase of development and plan to implement more functionalities in your application in the near future, then go for ReactJS.
Choose AngularJS When:
AngularJS is a comprehensive framework and if you are seeking for holistic, well-maintained and robust development for any size of the project without a doubt go for Angular. Working with Angular, it is required to develop skillet by the time because the new versions of Angular are frequently launching. The other significant reasons to choose Angular is support for server-side rendering, AJAX handling, two-way data binding, and modularization.
So it’s hard to end-up the battle of the front-end frameworks. The dynamic JS library and feature-rich framework cannot be considered as equal opponents. However, both of them are robust technologies, and global leaders have widely adopted both of them for web application development. In the blog, described pros and cons are just little guidelines to assist you to select the right technology following your project’ requirements. Be focused and well-targeted in choosing the right front-end framework.
Still, if you a query and want to discuss in-detail, then we are offering 30 minutes free consultation for the same. But if you are convinced and have already made up your mind, then we have experts in both the platforms. Upon your availability and project requirements, you can hire AngularJS developer or hire React developer to transform your potential business idea into a viable platform and get the job done.