Dimension Java Python
Syntax Statically typed, requires curly brackets & semicolons, and explicit variable types Dynamically typed, focus on indentation and whitespace, and implicit variable types
Readability & Conciseness Require explicit code organization due to verbosity High readability due to clean syntax & uses indentation for code blocks
Performance Agile performance due to bytecode compilation & optimization Interpretation makes performance slower, but libraries balance the performance
Object-Oriented Programming Strictly adhere to OOP principles Flexible and open to OOP and paradigms
Memory Management Automatic garbage collection Java’s memory management + reference counting
Application Domain Android and enterprise-level app development Web development, scientific computing, data analysis, and scripting
Community & Ecosystem Large & active community + extensive tools and libraries Active community + rich ecosystem
Concurrency & Multithreading Built-in support Limited to Global Interpreter Lock