Golang and Node both the backend tools, have been on the Internet battlefield for a long time. I have evaluated both these technologies based on varied performance parameters such as scalability, performance, concurrency, scalability, error handling, learning curve, community, etc. If you are too in the dilemma of which one to choose from the point of view of security, scalability and maintainability, then let’s find out which of these tools between Golang vs NodeJS 2022 is ideal for your project.
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Golang vs NodeJS 2022 Introduction
When it comes to web development, there are a lot of different programming languages to choose from. Two of the most popular choice are Golang vs NodeJS. So, which one should you use for your next project? Here’s an introduction of Go and Node in 2022 as both of them are growing backend technologies.
Golang is a powerful, statically-typed language that is easy to read and write. It is fast and efficient, making it a great choice for large projects.
Although both Golang and NodeJS are highly popular among the developer community, the question is, who wins the battle? To answer this, here is a brief stating the major areas of distinction between the two languages. Read on to decide which will turn out to be the best fit Go or Node for your project!
What is Golang? An Overview
Go is a statically typed programming language of Google. Initially, Golang was created out of need. To be more precise, the development team at Google was discontent with their current solutions. Hence, they developed a language that would attain an excellent mix of the benefits of other languages to perform better. However, with time, Golang has undeniably won hearts.
Golang is an open-source programming language. Its core structure is built on Python’s principles for speed and C for safety. At present, the latest version of the language is Golang 1.19.
Golang deals in restricted garbage collection, memory safety features, structural typing, and additional key features, thus preventing tons of features of modern programming languages. However, this is another reason why Golang makes the code writing procedure more accessible and efficient.
Golang Adoption and Achievements:
- As per a survey of Stack Overflow 2020, Golang has obtained 5th rank among the most loved programming languages.
- Goroutines hold a rapid startup time as compared to threads. This renders power to Golang to maintain a neat and clean source code.
- As per Upwork the hourly rate of Golang developers is around $44.
Advantages of Golang
🟠 Easy and Fast
The first and foremost advantage of Golang is its speed. It doesn’t need an interpreter and can directly compiled to machine code. With no middle man in between, it results in faster back-end development. It also has a non-complex set of codes, making it easy to implement and learn.
🟠 Community Support
Though Golang has not been in the market for a very long time since its stable release in 2019, it still has a vast community of more than one million active developers available for any kind of assistance during the development process.
🟠 Comprehensive Tools
Golang offers a wide range of comprehensive tools like an inbuilt testing framework that can generate code coverage reports, a linter, and many other tools for static analysis and IDEs like Visual Studio Code which make it easier for developers to work efficiently. Golang also has an inbuilt source formatting tool (gofmt.)
🟠 Garbage Collection
Golang has automatic memory management, allowing you to work on other aspects of the development process without affecting the performance.
Garbage Collection is a bit of concern for a few developers, but the productivity and results supersede this hiccup.
Golang is developed, keeping the past issues into consideration. So, the programs developed in Golang have excellent backward compatibility, which means the future versions of Golang will be compatible with the apps developed in the present version.
What is NodeJS? An Overview
NodeJS Adoption and Achievements:
- Back in 2017 and 2018, NodeJS secured first place among being the most regularly and commonly used language in the Tools, Frameworks, and Library category as per Tech Overflow Survey.
- Upon adopting NodeJS, Netflix observed a dramatic 70% reduction in startup time.
- As per W3Techs, around 1.5% of every well-known website uses NodeJS.
Advantages of NodeJS
🟠 High Performance and Efficiency
Node.js uses Chrome’s V8 engine to interpret the code. It has single module caching and event-driven architecture, contributing to concurrent requests without affecting the RAM. Its event loop and I/O operations permit faster code execution, reducing response time and boosting performance.
🟠 Cross-Platform Support
Node.js enables cross-platform application development. It facilitates you to run a single code on multiple platforms with minor alterations as needed.
Node.js has a single-threaded model with an event loop. This mechanism assists servers in responding in a non-blocking manner and promotes scalability. The single-threaded program can cater to multiple requests at the same time, which makes it highly scalable.
NodeJS has an extensive collection of Node.js packages, which are available for use for everyone being open-source. These packages make the development faster and easier. NodeJS has more than a million packages in its NPM ecosystem today.
🟠 Event Driven and Asynchronous
NodeJS library has asynchronous, non-blocking APIs, meaning the server can move to the following API after calling one API. The response from the previous API call is received through the notification mechanism of events.
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Golang vs NodeJS Comparison for Backend Development
||Golang uses Clean Architecture is a design pattern that uses the concept of “separation of layers,” a technique used for many years by software engineers.
||Node. js uses the “Single Threaded Event Loop” architecture to handle multiple concurrent clients.
||Golang is useful for carrying out programming for scalable servers and large software systems.
||NodeJs gives a great boost to the productivity of your team since it uses the same programming language on the front-end and back end.
||Go’s Performance Capabilities. Go has implemented different strategies on verticals like concurrency, and system calls, task scheduling, and memory modeling, among others.
||NodeJs is an extensively used technology to build high speed and robust applications.
||Golang is a good choice for web development projects since it comes with an inherent feature that gives software developers concurrency and scalability.
||Node.js is entirely scalable for the application to boost performance on a single server by scaling up vertically or horizontally across numerous servers.
||API reference Documentation
||A developer spends less time typing a code. Except for debuting it.
||Oftentimes developers need to take numerous detours to reach a particular destination which slows down the speed of coding.
||Keeps growing every day.
||A large-scale vibrant community.
|Cost of development
||Depends on the project specification.
||Is based on the characteristics and complexity of the project.
|Speed and Security
||Go is getting increasingly and more well-liked among security professionals.
||One of these technologies is Node. js, which programmers use to create web applications. It is intended to be 100% secure.
Many might consider Golang as the ideal messiah for web development because it is highly popular among web developers. However, NodeJS is no less. Giving a tough battle, both are ideal choices based on personal preferences. Let’s dive into the Go vs NodeJS comparison by discussing their learning curve, performance, dev tools, and community. Go vs Node.js for business applications helps to you decide better by outlining the pros and cons of both.
End-to-end Comparison Between Golang and NodeJs
The Speed and Performance Comparison Between Go vs Node
When it comes to performance and raw speed, Golang performance has a little edge over NodeJS performance. Golang does not require any interpreter and is directly assembled into the machine code. This renders a similar level of performance to Golang as low-level languages such as C++. When it comes to IO operations, Golang is as good as NodeJS.
Verdict: Both Golang and NodeJS are at par in NodeJS vs Golang
Golang vs NodeJS Comparison Based on Scalability & Concurrency Parameter
NodeJS manages Concurrency with APIs such as clusters, child_process, and worker_thread. These APIs make sure that NodeJS processes all the incoming requests reliably and seamlessly without moving into the bottlenecks.
On the other hand, Golang is developed to manage all concurrent tasks. Go developers use GoRoutines to run their multi-threaded functions. The bright side is, they do not use-up much RAM. All of this makes Go a better and reliable candidate in managing processing-intense and complicated tasks without harming and compromising on any other functions. Go beats Node. js in terms of scalability.
Verdict: Golang wins the battle of Go vs NodeJs concurrency and scalability.
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Golang vs NodeJS for Error Handling
Ideally, maximum developers might be familiar with the Error Handling< method of NodeJS. It implements the try-catch exception where potential errors are instantly trapped and handled at the runtime.
However, the process is slightly different with Golang. Golang checks errors in a distinct manner during runtime and compilation. While Compilation errors are usually syntax-related and can be corrected in the code, runtime errors call for explicit handling. You need to inspect the return value of this function manually. Currently, studies are being done to implement better handling processes in the upcoming version of Golang.
Verdict: Both NodeJS and Golang are similar here. It’s a TIE.
The existence of ready-to-use tools generally reduces the development time. In fact, NodeJS developers have access to over 836,000 open-source libraries and tools through NPM. While there is no shortage of any tools for NodeJS, selecting the right ones can be challenging.
Golang does not really enjoy a huge option when it comes to tools, but it definitely has a robust standard library. Golang tools are generally restricted. However, each one of them is built to make Golang programming easier. For instance: Golang Test enables developers to run a good series of tests on the code while the Golang Vet filters out the suspicious and unusual constructs.
Verdict: NodeJS wins in terms of quantity.
NodeJS boasts the support of the likes of Microsoft, Intel, and IBM with the NodeJS Foundation. Speaking of 2018, the quantity of NodeJS downloads typically crossed over 1 billion. This is a clear indication of how fast is the NodeJS community growing. The widespread NodeJS community size actively supports its usage.
There are mere signs that Golang has tried to match, if not overcome, NodeJS in terms of popularity. While NodeJS is at 83.5k, Golang is at 93k stars on Github. In fact, open pull requests for Golang and NodeJS are quite similar. However, NodeJS has 24000 closed PR and Golang has 1200. Thus the fan following of both technologies are not equally distributed.
Verdict: NodeJS wins the battle in Node vs Go community comparison
Which One has Easier Learning Curve Between Golang vs NodeJS?
Verdict: NodeJS is much easier to learn as compared to Golang.
Golang or NodeJS For Web Development?
Having created a thorough NodeJS vs Go comparison, it is definitely overwhelming to declare anyone as a winner. Being robust, both have their strengths and weaknesses. If we consider from a performance perspective, Golang definitely steals the show. On the other hand, Hire NodeJS developer to excels in tools, simplicity, and richness of frontend development.
In conclusion, we state that both them are ideal languages when it comes to web development. It entirely depends on the nature of your project, i.e, the type of web application you wish to build. Make sure your tech stack choices are made in the context of both technical as well as business considerations. Still not able to make the right decision between Go vs Node for web development, drop us a line and we will help you make the right decision
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Go is preferable to Node.js as it offers businesses faster performance, better security, and scalability. It also has better error handling and has a Go Race Condition Detector. Whereas, Node.js is good in error handling and has extensive development tools but still lacks what is needed in today’s fast-paced market, which leaves Node.js behind in this race.
Go is a more powerful solution than Node.js for the backend because it offers better raw performance, computation, security, and scalability. It can handle upto 1000 concurrent requests per second, provides better error handling, and has a Go Race Condition Detector. However, Node.js has decent error handling and development tools but doesn’t meet the market’s expectations comparatively.