Quick Summary:

Node.js and Go have always been on the Internet battlefield for a long time now. I have evaluated both these technologies based on varied performance indices such as scalability, performance, concurrency, scalability, error handling, learning curve, community, etc.

Read this comparative battle piece and figure out the best choice for your web development Golang Vs NodeJS 2022.

Golang VS NodeJS: An Introduction

Golang vs Node Js

While building a web or mobile app, it is important to understand that the front-end UI is the only part of the equation. What is more important is to get the back-end logic accurate. More precisely, it means getting the appropriate tools for server-side development. Here is exactly where the distinction between NodeJS and Golang comes to play.

Although both Golang and NodeJS are highly popular among the developer community, the question is, who wins the battle? To answer this, here is a brief stating the major areas of distinction between the two languages. Read on and decide which will turn out to be the best fit for your project Golang Vs Node js 2022!


Go VS Node 2022: An Overview

Golang

Go is a statically typed programming language of Google. Initially, Golang was created out of need. To be more precise, the development team at Google was discontent with their current solutions. Hence, they developed a language that would attain an excellent mix of the benefits of other languages to perform better. However, with time, Golang has undeniably won hearts.

Golang is an open-source programming language. It has its core structure built on the principles of Python for speed and C for safety. At present, the latest version of the language is Golang 1.14.

Golang deals in restricted garbage collection, memory safety features, structural typing, and additional key features, thus preventing tons of features of modern programming languages. However, this is another reason why Golang makes the code writing procedure more easy and efficient.

Node JS

NodeJS is a dynamically typed(built on JavaScript) runtime environment that helps cover a whole web app development project under a single programming language. It is an open-source and cross-platform environment built on the V8 JavaScript engine of Chrome. NodeJS can run on multiple platforms, including Linux, Windows, and Mac. In addition, NodeJS provides a vast pool of libraries that streamlines web app development.

Initially, NodeJS was built to run JavaScript code. However, today NodeJS helps create code for both backend and frontend development and server-side development of web applications, thus making it a revolutionary and successful Web application programming language. At Bacancy, we offer 360-degree NodeJS development services to bring an evolution to your project back-end.

Golang VS Node JS: Statistics

Golang vs nodejs statistics

Achievements of Golang so far:

  • As per a survey of Stack Overflow 2020, Golang has obtained 5th rank among the most loved programming languages.
  • Goroutines hold a rapid startup time as compared to threads. This renders power to Golang to maintain a neat and clean source code.
  • As per Upwork, the hourly rate of Golang developers is around $44.

If you are convinced to build scalable and flexible Golang application and looking for expertise in full-stack Golang development, then Hire Golang Developers from us at your terms and conditions with our transparent pricing policy.

Achievements of NodeJS so far:

  • Back in 2017 and 2018, NodeJS secured first place among being the most regularly and commonly used language in the Tools, Frameworks, and Library category as per Tech Overflow Survey.
  • Upon adopting NodeJS, Netflix observed a dramatic 70% reduction in startup time.
  • As per W3Techs, around 1.5% of every well-known website uses NodeJS.

Go VS NodeJS: What Is The Difference?

Golang vs nodejs difference

Many might consider Golang as the ideal messiah for web development because it is highly popular among web developers. However, NodeJS is no less. Giving a tough battle, both are ideal choices based on personal preferences. To settle this debate, let’s take a closer look at a few fields of differences between the two technologies.

Learning Curve

NodeJS typically involves less learning curve as JavaScript already enjoys huge popularity. This makes it highly simple for programmers to learn the language. However, in the case of Golang, programmers usually face a steep learning curve.

Verdict: NodeJS is much easier to learn as compared to Golang.

Performance

When it comes to performance and raw speed, Golang performance has a little edge over Node JS performance. Golang does not require any interpreter and is directly assembled into the machine code. This renders a similar level of performance to Golang as low-level languages such as C++. When it comes to IO operations, Golang is as good as NodeJS.

NodeJS is marginally trailing Golang in terms of performance. The optimized and improved single-threaded NodeJS enhance the efficiency and the V8 JavaScript engine makes sure that the application runs without any assistance or requirement of an interpreter.

Bonus: Both NodeJS and Golang feature excellent garbage collector. This helps them prevent potential memory leaks thus ensuring stability.

Verdict: Both Golang and NodeJS are at par in Golang vs Node JS Performance.

Scalability & Concurrency

NodeJS manages Concurrency with APIs such as clusters, child_process, and worker_thread. These APIs make sure that NodeJS processes all the incoming requests reliably and seamlessly without moving into the bottlenecks.

On the other hand, Golang is developed to manage all concurrent tasks. Go developers use GoRoutines to run their multi-threaded functions. The bright side is, they do not use-up much RAM. All of this makes Go a better and reliable candidate in managing processing-intense and complicated tasks without harming and compromising on any other functions.

Verdict: Golang wins the battle of Go vs Node Js concurrency and scalability.

Error Handling

Ideally, maximum developers might be familiar with the Error Handling method of NodeJS. It implements the try-catch exception where potential errors are instantly trapped and handled at the runtime.

However, the process is slightly different with Golang. Golang checks errors in a distinct manner during runtime and compilation. While Compilation errors are usually syntax-related that can be corrected in the code, runtime error calls for explicit handling. You need to manually inspect the return value of this function. Currently, studies are being done to implement better handling processes in the upcoming version of Golang.

Verdict: Both NodeJS and Golang are similar here. It’s a TIE.

Development Tools

The existence of ready-to-use tools generally reduces the development time. In fact, NodeJS developers have access to over 836,000 open-source libraries and tools through NPM. While there is no shortage of any tools for NodeJS, selecting the right ones can be challenging.

Golang does not really enjoy a huge option when it comes to tools, but it definitely has a robust standard library. Golang tools are generally restricted. However, each one of them is built to make Golang programming easier. For instance: Golang Test enables developers to run a good series of tests on the code while the Golang Vet filters out the suspicious and unusual constructs.

Verdict: NodeJS wins in terms of quantity.

You May Also Like To Read: Nodejs the Next Development Model

Community

NodeJS boasts the support of the likes of Microsoft, Intel, and IBM with the NodeJS Foundation. Speaking of 2018, the quantity of NodeJS downloads typically crossed over 1 billion. This is a clear indication of how fast is the NodeJS community growing. The widespread NodeJS community size actively supports its usage.

There are mere signs that Golang has tried to match, if not overcome, NodeJS in terms of popularity. While NodeJS is at 83.5k, Golang is at 93k stars on Github. In fact, open pull requests for Golang and NodeJS are quite similar. However, NodeJS has 24000 closed PR and Golang has 1200. Thus the fan following of both technologies are not equally distributed.

Verdict: NodeJS wins the battle in Node vs Go community comparison.

Comparison table

Golang VS Node JS: When To Use Which?

Considering our above discussion, it seems like both NodeJS and Golang are growing at a great rate. However, if we dig a bit deeper, StackOverFlow states that JavaScript is the most popular programming language. On the other hand, Golang is marked at 5th rank in terms of most loved programming languages as stated above.

Having created a thorough NodeJS VS Golang comparison, it is definitely overwhelming to declare anyone as a winner. Being robust, both have their strengths and weaknesses. If we consider from a performance perspective, Golang definitely steals the show. On the other hand, NodeJS excels in development tools, simplicity, and richness of frontend development tools.

In conclusion, we state that there is no ideal language when it comes to web development. It entirely depends on the nature of your project, i.e, the type of web application you wish to build.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Node.js is widely adopted and used by globally renowned names like, Netflix, LinkedIn, PayPal, Trello, eBay, Medium, etc.

This modern computing language is used by Heroku, Intel, BBC, Google, Uber, and more.

As Golang is based on C/C++, it is much faster and lighter than Node.js.

Golang beats NodeJs in scalability, concurrency, speed, and performance.

Node Js has a win over Golang in the learning curve, development tools, and community.

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