Parameter Node.js PHP
Created By Ryan Dahl Rasmus Lerdorf
Launched In 2009 1994
Type JavaScript Runtime Environment Programming Language
Coding Lengthy Concise
Engine Google V8 JavaScript Engine Zend Engine
Package Manager NPM (Node Package Manager) Composer
Code Execution Asynchronous Synchronous
Execution Speed Lightweight and Fast Comparatively Slow
Concurrency Event-driven non-blocking I/O Multi-threaded blocking I/O
Performance Fast Comparatively Slow
Web-Server Not needed as it runs its own environment Apache and IIS
Database No built-in support, uses libraries via NPM Requires connection via libraries
Functional Programming It is a combination of functional and procedural programming It is not a functional programming
JSON JSON.stringify() and JSON.parse() json_encode() and json_decode()
Community Small Extensive
Hosting It is compatible with hosting providers like Bluehost, Hostinger, HostGator, etc. Possesses compatibility with a number of hosting providers like Bluehost, iPage, HostGator, Hostinger, SiteGround, etc.
Complexity Though not so complex, it needs more lines of code and callback functions. Comparatively Simpler
Module Bundled with NPM package manager Need to be downloaded and installed manually
Extensibility More extensible due to JavaScript and the vast NPM library Extensible
Frameworks Express.js, Koa.js, NestJS Laravel, CodeIgniter, Symfony, CakePHP
Practical Application ? Streaming Services
? Instant Messengers
? Social Networks
? FIntech Applications
? Online Education
? Project Management Tools
? Gaming Applications
? Live Chats
? Can be integrated with popular CMSs like WordPress or Joomla
? eCommerce Marketplaces
? Websites
? Marketing Platforms
? Blogs