Quick Summary:

Discover the power of Spring Boot! and see how this blog post revolves around all-around aspects of Spring Boot Microservices, why Spring Boot is the preferred framework for building microservices, and how it simplifies the development process. Follow our step-by-step guide to create a simple eCommerce application using Microservices Spring Boot and look at the real-world use cases. Finally, find a few use cases to help you gain conviction and choose Spring Boot for your next microservices project.

Table of Contents

Introduction to Spring Boot Microservices

Spring Boot has become the go-to choice for building microservices, thanks to its ease of use, flexibility, and powerful set of tools and features. Microservices architecture has gained popularity due to its ability to build large-scale, complex systems that can scale quickly and be easily maintained. In this blog post, we’ll take a closer look at why Spring Boot Microservices is so well-suited for business owners, and how it can help developers build a scalable and efficient microservices that meet their organization’s needs. Below is a basic architecture of the Microservices Architecture using Spring Boot and Spring Cloud

Microservices Architecture using Spring Boot and Spring Cloud

Why Choose Spring Boot for Microservices?

Spring Boot presents many features and tools, making it an ideal choice for microservices due to its rapid development, lightweight nature, modular design, cloud-native support, and extensive community of developers. Below are the reasons that illustrate Why you should Choose Spring Boot for Microservices:

Rapid Development

Spring Boot provides several features and tools that make it easy to develop microservices quickly. These include auto-configuration, which allows developers to easily configure the framework without writing boilerplate code.


Spring Boot is designed to be lightweight and easy to use, which makes it an excellent choice for building microservices that need to be fast and efficient.


Spring Boot is a modular framework, making adding new features and functionality easy as needed. This makes it easy to scale microservices as the needs of the application change.


Spring Boot is ideal for building microservices that can be deployed on cloud platforms like AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud and is managed using the containerization platforms like Kubernetes and Docker.

Extensive Community

Spring Boot has a large and active community of developers who contribute to the framework and provide support for others. Plenty of resources are available for developers new to the framework and those needing help with more advanced topics.

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Cascading Failures in Spring Boot Microservices

Cascading failures can occur in any system that relies on multiple components or services. In the context of Spring Boot microservices, a cascading failure can happen when a failure in one microservice causes other microservices to fail.

Cascading Failures in Spring Boot Microservices

For Illustration, imagine an e-commerce application comprising multiple microservices, including a product catalog service, shopping cart service, and payment service. If the payment service goes down, it could cause a cascading failure that affects the entire application. Customers may be unable to add items to their shopping cart, view product details, or complete their purchases.

To prevent cascading failures in Spring Boot microservices, it’s important to design the system with fault tolerance in mind. One way to do this is to use circuit breakers to detect when a microservice is experiencing a failure and temporarily route traffic away from that microservice. This can help to prevent the failure from propagating to other microservices and causing a cascading failure.

Another way to prevent cascading failures is to design microservices with decoupling in mind. Each microservice should be responsible for a specific business function and should be isolated from other microservices as much as possible. This can help to limit the impact of a failure in one microservice and prevent it from affecting other microservices.

Preventing cascading failures in Spring Boot microservices requires a combination of good design principles, fault-tolerant architectures, and effective monitoring and management tools. By implementing these best practices, developers can help to ensure that their microservices-based applications are robust, reliable, and able to meet the needs of their users.

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Build a Simple eCommerce Application Using Spring Boot Microservices

Spring Boot is an open-source Java-based framework for creating microservices and production-ready standalone Spring MVC applications. So, for creating a simple eCommerce store with Spring Boot Microservice, follow the steps given below:

Step 1: Defining the Architecture of Microservices

Defining the architecture of the microservices involves identifying the different microservices required for the eCommerce store. Given below are examples of the microservices that would be required for the project.
? Authentication Microservice would handle the User authentication registration and login.
? Catalog Microservice would manage the available products within the eCommerce store.
? Cart Microservice that will handle the items within the User Cart.
? Order Microservice that is responsible for handling order processing and management.
? Payment Microservices that will manage payment processing and integration with third-party payment providers.

The vital point is that each microservice will have its API endpoints and data model.

Step 2: Setting Up the Development Environment

Before building the microservices, you must set up your development environment. Given below are the tools and technologies you will need to set up the development environment
? Java Development Kit (JDK) 11 or higher
? Spring Boot 2.5 or higher
? Maven or Gradle
? IDE of your choice (Eclipse, IntelliJ, or Visual Studio Code)

Step 3: Creating the Microservices

After you have set up your development environment you can then start with the building of the microservices. Below is an example of creating the Authentication Microservice:

1. Create a new Spring Boot project using the Spring Initializr.
2. Add the dependencies given below to your pom.xml or the build.gradle file.

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<!-- Spring Boot Web -->

<!-- Spring Boot Data JPA -->

<!-- Spring Boot Security -->

<!-- MySQL Connector -->

3. Now are required to create a new Spring Boot configuration file named application.yml or application.properties and add the following configuration:

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  port: 8080

    url: jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/ecommerce_auth
    username: root
    password: password
      ddl-auto: create

4. Then, create a new entity class named User.java that represents a user within the system:

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@Table(name = "users")
public class User {
    @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.AUTO)
    private Long id;
    @Column(name = "email", nullable = false, unique = true)
    private String email;
    @Column(name = "password", nullable = false)
    private String password;
    // getters and setters

5. Create a new repository interface named UserRepository.java that extends the JpaRepository interface:

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public interface UserRepository extends JpaRepository<User, Long> {
    Optional<User> findByEmail(String email);

6. Create a new service class named UserService.java that implements the UserDetailsService interface:

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public class UserService implements UserDetailsService {
    private UserRepository userRepository;
    public UserDetails loadUserByUsername(String email) throws UsernameNotFoundException {
        Optional<User> user = userRepository.findBy

7. Create a new controller class named AuthController.java that handles user authentication endpoints:

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public class AuthController {
    private AuthenticationManager authenticationManager;
    private JwtTokenProvider jwtTokenProvider;
    private UserService userService;
    public ResponseEntity<?> login(@RequestBody LoginRequest loginRequest) {
        try {
            authenticationManager.authenticate(new UsernamePasswordAuthenticationToken(loginRequest.getEmail(), loginRequest.getPassword()));
            User user = userService.findByEmail(loginRequest.getEmail());
            String token = jwtTokenProvider.createToken(loginRequest.getEmail(), user.getRoles());
            return ResponseEntity.ok(new JwtAuthenticationResponse(token));
        } catch (AuthenticationException e) {
            return ResponseEntity.status(HttpStatus.UNAUTHORIZED).build();
    public ResponseEntity<?> register(@RequestBody RegisterRequest registerRequest) {
        if (userService.existsByEmail(registerRequest.getEmail())) {
            return ResponseEntity.badRequest().body("Email already exists");
        User user = new User();
        return ResponseEntity.ok().build();

8. Run the application and test the endpoints using a tool like Postman.

This is a basic example of creating an Authentication Microservice using Spring Boot. You must create additional microservices and integrate them to build a complete ecommerce store accordingly.

Use Case Examples of Spring Boot Microservices

Spring Boot microservices are well-suited for building complex, scalable applications in various industries, from finance to healthcare to education and more. A few of the most prominent microservices spring boot examples for the most viable options are:

Use Case of Spring Boot Microservices

Banking Applications

It provides various services to customers, including online account management, loan applications, and money transfers. Each service can be built as a separate microservice, allowing easy scaling and maintenance.

Healthcare Applications

You can build healthcare applications that provide patients access to medical records, appointment scheduling, and telemedicine services. Breaking up the application into smaller microservices makes maintaining and updating individual components easier without affecting the entire application.

Travel Applications

Spring Boot microservices can be used to build travel applications that give customers access to flight schedules, hotel bookings, and car rentals. Each service can be built as a separate microservice, allowing easy scaling and maintenance.

Education Applications

Build education applications with microservices that give students access to course materials, online classes, and assignment submissions. Breaking up the application into smaller microservices makes maintaining and updating individual components easier without affecting the entire application.

Retail Applications

Spring Boot microservices can be used to build retail applications that give customers access to online catalogs, product searches, and shopping carts. Each service can be built as a separate microservice, allowing easy scaling and maintenance.


Spring Boot microservices are a flexible and powerful way to build modern cloud applications that can handle high traffic and remain resilient, even when issues arise. This approach provides developers with tools to create scalable, maintainable, and adaptable applications that can quickly and easily be scaled based on demand.

With a rich set of features and tools, Spring Boot simplifies building, testing, deploying, and monitoring microservices. This makes the development process faster and more efficient, enabling developers to create applications that meet the needs of both their customers and their businesses.

Microservices Spring Boot offers an excellent option for business owners seeking to build a web application that can handle high traffic and adapt to changing demands. If you need assistance in developing your application. Hire Java Developer from Bacancy that can help you throughout the entire development process.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Spring Boot primarily supports Java programming language but also other JVM languages like Kotlin and Groovy.

Spring Boot microservices can be deployed on popular cloud platforms such as AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud. This makes it easy to scale up or down based on demand and handle high-traffic loads.

As with any technology, there are potential downsides to using Spring Boot microservices. One challenge can be managing the complexity of multiple microservices and ensuring they communicate correctly. Also, microservices architectures require a shift in how developers think about building applications, which can take time to adapt.

Spring is a framework for building Java applications that provide many features and tools. Spring Boot is an extension of Spring that simplifies the configuration and setup of Spring-based applications, providing a range of features like auto-configuration and embedded web servers.

Best practices for building Spring Boot microservices include designing the services around the business domain, creating small, well-defined services, implementing API gateway to handle requests from outside, monitoring service metrics, and using centralized configuration. Additionally, it’s important to write clean code and have thorough testing and documentation.

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