Quick Summary:

The Node.js team has never taken a back foot in keeping the users up-to-date with the latest features and updates. So, after the significant success of Node 18. The Node.js community is here again with Node latest version of Node.js 19. In this blog post, we have mentioned What’s New in Node 19 features and updates. Also, we have given consolidated information on the changes that Node 19 has brought out for the developer community and the changes that would happen to the existing Node 18 after the release of Node v19.

Introduction

We know that the Node.js team never fails to surprise us, and trailing the same path this year also, they have taken the developer’s community with great excitement by keeping the Node 19 release date on October 18, 2022, which makes this year’s a great point of discussion among developers. We know that the Node follows the even conventions, which makes all the even versions stable and LTS (Long-Term-Support.) Thus, making the odd versions stable.

What’s New in Node 19 Features and Updates

🟠 node --watch (experimental)

The Node –watch introduced as the direct competitor to nodemon has been a standard tool to watch anything but has been chiefly used for Nodejs projects, but now you can easily use the code given below:

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$ node --watch index.js

This code will observe all and any changes made to the file and thus will restart the server or the script automatically. You can find this feature in v19.0.0 and v18.11.0+.

🟠 HTTP 1.1 KeepAlive ‘ON’ by Default

As we know, the HTTP works on the TCP, which establishes that the underlying protocol is TCP, and the TCP connection is expensive to establish. Earlier, every HTTP request was performed on a new TCP connection. But now, it is possible that a single TCP connection can be used for multiple HTTP requests. But, for Google API on the same domain, it would need a separate connection.

Thus, we can infer that after the release of Node.js 19, if you send a request to Node.js 19, it is going to the KeepAlive header ON, which presents the opportunity to reuse the TCP connection. Still, the default keep-alive duration is limited to 5 seconds to prevent the bloat on the connection on the server.

HTTP 1.1 KeepAlive ‘ON’ by Default

Also, the developer will now be able to parse the response Keep-Alive sent by the server. This header also indicates to the client how much it takes to stay connected. Further, the Node.js HTTP server will automatically disconnect idle clients who use the HTTP Keep-Alive to reuse the connection when close() is invoked.

The main benefit of this feature is that if it becomes stable, it will improve the I/O performance over the network with Node.js.

🟠 Stable WebCrypto

WebCrypto, a standard cryptographic API for the web platform, is now available in Node.js. The Stable WebCrypto offers a secure and efficient method that helps handle cryptographic operations. This WebCrypto API is available worldwide in Node.js and can be accessed using crypto.web crypto global object.

There are also a few exceptions of the Stable WebCrypto, which are Ed25519, Ed448, X25519, and X448.

🟠 Adjustments in Custom ESM Resolution

Node.js no longer supports the –experimental-specifier-resolution flag. We can achieve this functionality via custom loaders.

🟠 DTrace/SystemTap/ETW Support

In v19.0.0, the team has removed the support for DTrace/SystemTap/ETW with the intent and reason of the prioritization of the resources. The team observed that the complexity of keeping the support updated is not worth the effort in the absence of a clear plan to support these tools.

🟠 V8 JavaScript engine Update 10.7

V8, the underlying CC++ Engine which runs JavaScript, is now updated to version 10.7, which is part of Chromium 107. Thus, this version includes a new feature to the Javascript API: Intl.NumberFormat.

🟠 llhttp 8.1.0 (Updated)

llhttp has been updated to version 8.1.0. Collectively, this version brings many updates to the llhttp API, introducing new callbacks and allowing all callbacks to be pausable.

🟠 npm 8.19.2 (Updated)

Although the NPM version included in the Node.js 18 line is the same one included in Node.js 19. Node.js NPM was first released in version 8.6.0. Thus, new updates keep NPM up to date.

🟠 Platform Support

Unlike the previous release, Node.js 19 comes up with significant changes or updates to the supported platforms. The standard prerequisites listed in BUILDING.md have not changed, but any operating systems that have reached their EOL will no longer be supported.

🟠 Node.js 18 Goes Long Term Support (LTS)

After the release of the latest Node js 19, the Ndoe.js 18 goes LTS or the Long Term Support on October 25, 2022, which established the transition of Node.js 18.x to LTS having the codename ‘Hydrogen.’

The Active 18.x release goes into the ‘Active LTS’ and will remain the same until October 2923, and post the completion of this period will move into ‘Maintenance’ until the end of April 2025.

🟠 Experimental Fetch

The Node 19 latest version ships with the ‘fetch,’ made out of the experimental flag in Nodejs 18. So, now you can fetch without Node fetch or any other third-party library with the Nodejs directly.

🟠 AWS Lambda Support for Node.js 18

After the release of Node.js 19, AWS Lambda now supports Node.js 18 as a managed runtime and a container base image.

  • The developers can now benefit from many new features like upgrading the bundled AWS SDK for javascript to v3 and improved support for deploying the ES modules using Lambda layers.
  • Also, it contributes to the Node.js 18 language enhancements, including the experimental ‘fetch’ API.

The Node.js community follows the even convention; therefore, this Node 19 version is an odd-number release, and thus, it is not stable but experimental. Also, Node.js 14 ends its lifecycle in April 2023; therefore, upgrading to the latest Node.js version is recommended to receive and enjoy the latest features and benefits.

How to Upgrade from Node 18 to Node 19?

When it comes to upgrading, Node 18 vs Node 19 has been a tough call for many product owners. Some claim that only the LTS versions should be the ones to which the product owners must switch, However, if you are concerned about the latest versions of the latest Node 19 update and want to enjoy the benefits that Node js latest version Node 19 brings to the table, then you must upgrade to the latest version of Node. There are, in total, three ways by which you can upgrade to Node.js 19 on your Linux systems. Below is a step-by-step guide on How you can upgrade to Node 19.

🟠 Update via Node Version Manager or NVM

The most preferred way to upgrade to Node.js latest version is to update using the Node Version Manager, which is also helpful in managing or handling multiple Node.js versions simultaneously.

Initially, you must update the package repository using the command given below:

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sudo apt update

Then, install the Node Version Manager using the command curl as given below:

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curl -o-
https://raw.githubusercontent.com/nvm-sh/nvm/v0.39.2/install.sh | 
bash

Note: If curl is not already installed in your system, you can install it by running the command given below:

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curl apt install curl

You can also use wget and run the command:

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wget -q0- 
https://raw.githubusercontent.com/nvm-sh/nvm/v0.39.2/install.sh | 
bash

Run the command given below for the system to recognize the changes:

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source ~/.bashrc

You can then verify the successful installation of the NVM using the command given below:

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nvm --version

It is essential to check the Node version that you are using in your system before upgrading to the latest Node.js version. You can check the same using the command given below:

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nvm ls

You can also check for the latest releases using the command given below:

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nvm ls-remote

To install the latest version, use the nvm command with the Node.js version you wish to install:

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nvm install [version.number]

🟠 Update Using Node’s Official Package Manager or NPM.

Then, the Second method to upgrade to the latest version of Node.js is by using Node’s official Package Manager, which helps install and manage the package dependencies. Node has the NPM complimentary with its installation, so if you have Node.js in your system, you will have an NPM. You can also check the currently running version of Node.js in your system and install the latest one.

Using the n module allows you to manage the Node.js versions easily.

The initial step involves the clearing of the npm cache:

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npm cache clean -f

Install n, NVM or the Node’s version manager:

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npm install -g n

Using the n module, you can Install the latest stable version:

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sudo n stable

Note: Several Ubuntu distros respond with the command not found output after running the n command. To resolve this issue, run sudo -E env “PATH=$PATH” [command]. For Instance, to install the latest stable version, as in the example above, you would run sudo -E env “PATH=$PATH” n stable.

Installing the latest version:

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sudo n latest

Install a specific version:

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sudo n [version.number]

🟠 Update to Node js 19 with Binary Packages on Linux Systems

To initiate the upgrade to Node 19, you must first visit the Node js Download Page, where you can find all the available options to upgrade to any version you wish is suitable. You can either download the source code or go for a pre-built installer for the latest version of Node.js 19.

Update to Node js 19 with Binary Packages

Navigate to Node’s official downloads page, where you can find all available packages. You can download the source code or pre-built installer for the LTS versions or the latest release.

You can either download the package from your browser or find the version number you need and add it to the wget command:

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wget https://nodejs.org/dist/v19.2.0/node-v19.2.0-linux-x64.tar.xz

Then, install xz-utils used to extract the binary package:

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sudo apt-get install xz-utils

Extract and install the package with the below-given command:

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sudo tar -C /usr/local --strip-components 1 -xJf 
node-v19.2.0-linux-x64.tar.xz

Congratulations!, Your Node.js 19 is installed in your Linux system and is ready to function.

Note: The similar process is to be followed when installing Node 19 for Windows and macOS systems.

Key Takeaways

This is all we have about the latest version of Node v19. I am sure this blog post must have given you significant insight into Node latest features and updates. If you still need clarification about upgrading your project to the newest Node 19 in case your project uses any older versions or if you wish to choose Node for your web application development. Then, you can Hire Node.js Developer who can help you make the final call and assist you throughout your web application development journey.

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