In today’s digital era, job opportunities are at a record high as there are enormous career opportunities to choose from. It’s obvious that new revolutions and development give birth to a growing number of positions to support them. This is the reason I am writing this blog and devoting some time to explore and discuss rewarding positions available in today’s IT industry. A full-stack developer is one of them. Let me get you through what it entails and why you should hire one for your next emerging project/application.
The technological world is growing and revolutionizing, especially in the world of development where a developer requires more than one skillset and specialties. So, this blog will be worth to take a look for those who are interested in upskilling their skillset. In today’s full-stack era, there’s no such thing as too many skills. The more skilled a front-end developer or a versatile back-end developer is, the more sought-after they will be to organizations or businesses.
What is a Full Stack Developer?
To put it in a nutshell, a full-stack developer is a programmer who has the expertise of both ends to offer the smooth user experience:
front-end and back-end development. A full-stack developer can jump from one part of the application to another without significant overload. This is a huge advantage when planning forward or when designing new features.
The true value of the full stack arises when the developer understands the business requirements behind a feature and then take “full responsibility” on the application.
Having a team of multidisciplinary people means a team of developers who can effectively and efficiently work with UI frameworks, MVC frameworks, data access libraries as well as the operating system, application server, and database when a new opportunity appears.
It is also something that helps to create chemistry within a team. The developers work together longer. Even if a project starts with the construction of an API, then moves to mobile and web clients, the same people can make that trip together.
Below I have summarized some of the necessary skills to be looked into a Full Stack Developer package:
1. Git, GitHub & SourceTree
Git is an open-source web-based repository hosting service that aids effective management of the changes made to applications, websites, codes, documents, and other information relating to application development. All good programmers must know how to work with Git and have their profile on GitHub, if they work alone then it is highly recommended, and if they work as a team, then it is mandatory. Proficiency with GIT allows programmers to keep track of every minor change made to the application codebase. A developer who uses a version control software discovers a new universe of security, productivity, and organization.
Git is considered as one of the supreme version control systems. If you know how it works, then you will be able to co-operate with other programmers working on the same project successfully.
To start Git consider these things:
- Git examples and practice exercises.
- Learn about basic Git commands with examples.
2. HTML / CSS
HTML is an acronym of Hypertext Markup Language, and CSS is an acronym of Cascading Style Sheets to build blocks of web development as it let the developers add and style content for effective web presence. It is one of the basic requirements that cannot be missed. HTML5 and CSS3 are what will allow to style the content and decorate the part closest to the user.
Following the growth of this language, every time there are new and better libraries, frameworks and tools that you have to know. It is the only language that runs natively in the browser, and can also be used on the server-side (i.e., along with Node.js).
4. Backend Language
Once dominated what is commonly known as the Frontend Ninja, who is capable to manage operations in databases and user authentication among many other functions with the help of front-end languages like:
- Python: It’s another most popular language that is widely demanded by clients around the world. It is a language with a very simple and refined syntax that has very large frameworks such as Django or Flask.
5. Databases and Web Storage
When you want to build web applications, you are required to store the data somewhere you can access later. Otherwise, none of it makes sense. For this, you must hire a developer who understands the benefits of memory storage, relational databases.
Full-stack developer should have the proficiency to beat the database management with the capability to create, understand, and manipulate the database query. Also, the developer should be skilled enough to differentiate between non-relational and relational database along with the syntax knowledge of XML/ JSON.
To store your data wisely make sure you have a definite answer to the listed below questions.
- Peculiarities of relational data
- Web storage
- Knowledge of NoSQL databases as well as the situations to choose a certain one
- Knowledge to link a database and a back-end language you have preferably chosen
6. HTTP & REST
HTTP is the protocol that allows servers to communicate with the client and REST is an interface between systems that uses HTTP to obtain data, or generate operations on that data in all possible formats. In other words, the REST API is the “translator” that allows the Backend to understand the Frontend. So, it is equally essential for a developer to understand the relationship.
7. Web Architecture
If you think that the one who is proficient with above mentioned 6 skills can become a Full Stack developer, then you have mistaken. Like, I said in the beginning, a Full Stack is so valuable for the knowledge of front and back-end and for the delivery of productivity that he/she can reuse to originate.
To create a complex web application, the developer must know how to structure the code and how to separate the files and where and how to structure the data in databases and where to perform some computational tasks.
At Bacancy Technology, we always make a special emphasis on the foundations of each project; that’s why we use an architecture based on microservices, where each nucleus is responsible for managing some tasks.
Once again, the irrefutable proof that knowledge of the Full Stack Web Developer is decisive when starting a project. In order to Hire Full Stack Developer, one must ensure its ability to see the “Big Picture” because it is not just about seeing how each brick fits into a wall but how that wall supports other parts of the building.
Full Stack Development-FAQs
- What does it mean by full-stack?
Full-stack refers to the development of both front-end (client-side) and back-end (server-side) of a site or web application development at the same time. The developer who is well-versed with front end and back end development languages, servers, APIs, databases, and version control systems is termed as a full-stack developer.
- Why there is a need of full-stack developer?
Essentially, any web application development project requires both front-end and back-end developer; however, full-stack developer fills the role of both.
- What does a Full Stack Developer do?1. Single-handedly manage the project and coordinate with the Client
2. Skillfully translate the project requirements into the overall architecture
3. Write back-end code in Ruby, Python, Node or any other preferable language
4. Write optimized front end code in React, Angular, Vue or any other preferable language
5. Identify, understand and debug database related queries
6. Analyze and optimize the performance of the application as well as infrastructure