Node Js and Python are the top preferred back-end technologies for web app development. Since Node Js and Python are popular, it gets difficult for product owners to choose right back end tech stack. If you are in the same dilemma, you have landed on the right blog post as it provides adequate information on the comparison of Node Js Vs Python 2022 for application development. This blog post covers the difference between Node Js and Python, statistics, use cases, and in-detail comparison.
Python is an object-oriented programming language used to create dynamic web applications. The syntax of Python and dynamic typing make it an ideal programming language for scripting. The programming language Python has developed almost 30 years ago in 1991. It was developed to provide high readability, scalability, and fast development.
Python provides an open-source app development platform with highly productive libraries that make the development process easier and more efficient.
Node Js Vs Python: Statistics
This blog post will provide the exact statistical difference between Node js vs Python.
Statistics of Node.Js
- According to Statista, Node.js is the sixth most popular and highly used language for development.
- Almost 85% of business owner uses Node.js for their web app development.
- Using Node.js for application development reduces almost 58% of development costs. Also, it increases the application performance by 50%.
- The average hourly rate to hire Node.js developer is $18-$38.
Statistics of Python
- According to Statista, Python is the third-most preferred and highly used programming language for application development.
- Python helped develop applications related to artificial intelligence, Machine learning, and many others.
- According to Upwork, the average hourly rate of Python developers is around $20-$40.
Node Js Vs Python: Pros and Cons
Pros of Node Js
Flexible in the Development of Microservice
For the development of microservice architecture, it is required to have multiple executions of components and development. Node Js has a package manager that provides free components to allow developers to work on multiple modules at the same time. With the usage of Microservice development, it becomes easy for organizations to maintain the testing process and quality of products.
Strong Technical Stack
Node Js is highly compatible with an application’s front-end and back-end development, which avoids hiring two separate resources for the development. This allows to save overall development costs and fasten the development process without compromising on the quality of the application.
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Cons of Node Js
One of the key disadvantages of Node Js is repeated API switch that creates back-end incompatibility. This incompatibility directly affects the changes in codes that make it more unstable.
In Node Js, there is the problem of nested callback function result as callback hell due to the asynchronous nature of Node Js. Whenever the multiple callback situation occurs, it decreases code quality and becomes hard to solve and maintain.
Inability To Process CPU-Bound Task
Node js cannot execute heavy multitask as it works on a single thread basis, making it difficult for Node Js to execute CPU-bound tasks. Whenever any request is received, the system will complete the request once and only accept the other request. This process slows down the system and ends up in a massive delay.
Pros of Python
Python provides great readability and fast code interpretation, making it easier to fast-forward the development cycle. Compared to other languages, it requires less code for development, which automatically saves development time and helps develop fast applications.
Python is highly compatible and flexible with other programming languages and platforms. It becomes easy for developers to integrate other tools, languages, and platforms whenever needed in product development. A few examples where Python can integrate well are .NET, C#, C, and many others.
Python has large library support that helps develop any application, including game development, web development, machine learning, etc. It gets easy-to-use libraries for development and allows reusing the library code for custom development. Checkout the most popular Python libraries for machine learning.
Cons of Python
Not Compatible For Mobile App Development
Python is not compatible with mobile app development as it is not a preferred language for native app development. Moreover, iOS and Android both do not support mobile development on Python.
Slow Execution Speed
When it comes to Nodejs vs Python speed, it is comparatively slower than other programming languages as it decreases the execution time. The code execution in Python is done line by line, leading to a web application’s overall slow execution.
In any web application development, it becomes necessary to have less memory exhaustion to maintain the speed and performance of an application. Python has high memory consumption issues, leading to bad quality solutions.
Node Js Vs Python: Comparison Overview
Here’s a side-by-side comparison of Node JS vs Python performance benchmark so it becomes really convenient with what to choose when.
|Decreased readability due to Callback hell
||Provides high readability in code
|Node Js framework provides high performance in comparison to Python
||Frameworks are powerful but reduced performance in web back-end
|Suits best for memory-intensive process
||Suits best for large project development
|Highly preferred for real-time app development
||Highly preferred for complex software development related to AI/ML and scientific computation
|Compatible for both front-end and back-end development
||Compatible with developing an application in less code
Node Js Vs Python for Web Development: What Is Exact The Difference?
When it comes to comparison, it gets difficult to choose between Nodejs vs python backend as both the technologies are ideal for app development. Especially when both NodeJs vs Python are highly preferred for digital product development. This part of the blog post will provide the adequate difference between NodeJs Vs Python.
Nodejs vs Python Performance
On the other hand, Python performance is not as fast and smooth as Node.js. It slows down the speed as it is not compatible with working parallelly. However, it still provides fast application development.
Python has very easy to understand in comparison to Node.js. It uses simpler syntax and small-length code for application development than any other programming language.
Node.js has a large active community of highly experienced and skilled users. On Github, Node.js has 23.4K Fork and 87.4K Stars, making it an effective community.
As we have understood, Python is an old programming language. It also has a globally active community of developers that are helpful whenever you get stuck in application development. On Github, Python has 23.1K Fork and 44.7K Star.
Node.js has multitasking features, making it easier to handle and solve the errors and fix the bugs while application development.
When it comes to Python doesn’t have the feature of multitasking. However, it has the simplest code and syntax, making it more convenient to solve the error handling problem.
To develop a server-side part of an application, it must maintain the application’s scalability. Node Js uses a single thread to manage non-blocking I/O calls. The concern of Node Js scalability in application development is worth avoiding as it provides an application’s easy horizontal and vertical scalability. Node Js provides scalability on various servers and improved performance on a single server.
To have a scalable application, it is required to have multithreading. However, Python uses its Global Interpreter Lock, which doesn’t allow multithreading.
Therefore Python Scalability in an application is not as good as Node Js as it does allow to have multiple tasks simultaneously. It only allows one task at a time which gets a bit difficult while working on large application development projects.
On the other side, Python has easy readability, making it ideal for all platforms for application development except Mobile app development. Moreover, Python is highly preferred and ideal for cloud and IoT application development.
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Node Js Vs Python: Use Cases
Business owners can choose multiple Node Js use cases based on their requirements. Few of the top Node Js use cases are mentioned below:
- Web Streaming Applications
- Single Page Applications
- Real-Time Chat Applications
- Real-Time Building Collaboration Tools
- Node js vs python for microservices Application Architecture
Top Applications Built With Node Js
Netflix has been the world’s largest video streaming platform. The makers of Netflix want their application to be quick, modular, and fast, so they have chosen Node.js to develop their user interface. Using Node js, Netflix has observed a 70% reduction in loading time in their web application.
Uber is one of the first big organizations to start implementing Node Js in their product development. Since the beginning of Node.js usage, Uber has received fast operational speed and increased performance.
One of the most trusted and highly preferred professional social networking platforms that have chosen Node Js to increase the performance of applications.
Python has various use cases that business owners can choose for app development by keeping their business model in mind. Below are the top Python use cases:
- Software & Web Development
- Automated Testing
- Web Crawlers
- Optical Character Recognition & Image Processing
- Data Science
- Online Game Development
- AI/ML Applications
Top Applications Built With Python
Python backs Facebook to remain on the top list in the domain of social media. Python was used to have a reliable codebase, which is why 21% of the code of applications is based on Python.
Without Python, Instagram wouldn’t have existed as it is developed on Django (Python Framework). Instagram still uses Django to provide a highly secure platform to its users where they share videos and photos.
It is one of the largest and most popular music streaming platforms that uses Python to manage user preferences. Python has provided full support to Spotify with speed, reliability, scalability, and data analytics.
Quora has been the popular and biggest website for questions and answers, which was created with Python in late 2000. In the initial stage, Quora was developed on Php. However, the transition took place to get highly increased development speed.
Node Js Vs Python: What To Choose When?
When To Use Node Js?
When To Use Python?
Python is one of the oldest programming languages with extensive libraries that provide full support in testing tools such as web frameworks, data analytics tools, and many others. It has one of the largest ecosystems in the whole programming community. Therefore, if you want to have an application built in the field of Big Data, AI/ML, and GUIs (Graphical User Interface).
Node Js Vs Python 2022: Key Takeaway
So I hope your purpose of landing on this blogpost has been served and you have got a clear understanding on Node js vs Python which is better. However, the choice between Python vs Node depends on the requirements and features you want in your application. Both Node.js vs Python have it’s own advantages and disadvantages that should be considered and given the first priority for backend application development.
Therefore, it is mandatory first to make a perfect plan with in-detail requirements for the kind of application you are planning to develop, and according to that choose the ideal development partner that can help you in getting the overall clarity by providing the perfect solution on which technology to choose between Python vs Node.js.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Many top companies use Node.js for their product development. The biggest reason behind their preference is low startup time and enhanced time to access the database. The list of companies includes PayPal, LinkedIn, Walmart, Uber, Yahoo, and Godaddy.
There are big companies that have used Python for their successful application development. The list of companies is NASA, Netflix, Spotify, IBM, Intel, and Youtube. Risk classification, security automation, and many more are the key reasons behind their choice.
Python is the preferred method for back-end development compared to Node.js. However, you can choose Node.js for both front-end and back-end development.