06 Best Alternatives to ReactJS
Once I was attending a tech-talk show where a host was anchoring, and there were six React experts participating in the show as guests. They came across a tricky question in the show, and they had to each answer the question: Which is the best alternative to React.js that you shall use in your next project?
React experts altogether started to brainstorm, and they began with noting down the flaws of using ReactJs framework so that they can come close to finding the best React alternatives.
Why do you need an alternative to React.js?
- Most of the React developers find it challenging to manage the huge library size of the React.js framework. Surely you can not afford to invest in a framework that demands an exquisite memory space.
- Secondly, React lacks MVC architecture, especially the View functionality is not managed by its Model and Controller. Hence, you need an alternative React framework, which is view-oriented.
- React has a steep learning curve, and developers need to invest a lot of time to learn new technology. Project ignition is delayed.
- Many React.js developers find it hard to grasp the documentation of JSX React. Beginners are never comfortable with this framework.
Top 06 React.js alternatives and Why you should consider them with a detailed comparison
Jason Miller introduced Preact under the open-source MIT license. You can think of Preact as a lightweight alternative to the React library for developing mobile or web applications, and progressive web apps PWA.
✸ It is much compact, precise, and lightweight in size (3KB) so your application can perform faster.
✸ Preact uses ES6 API, which enables you to uplift your application from React to Preact very easily. You can even adapt it as a library to create fantastic user-interfaces for your project.
✸ Entrepreneurs can create new projects easily by using the official CLI without the trouble of getting into Babel and Webpack configuration.
✸ You can get all the help from the official website examples and Preact documentation to kick-start your application development.
✸ Along with all the inspiring features of React, the Preact library also consists of some special features like the LinkedState.
✪ You do not get the context support.
✪ For the stateful functionalities of your application, the createClass function is missing. Preact only allows you to use ES6 class and stateless components.
✪ Preact doesn’t care about the React propTypes.
✪ The community size is yet to reach the competition with React.
✪ Preact lacks innovation and mostly mimics React.
Preact Vs. React
➤ API: Not all the React features are present in Preact; it contains only a small part of the React Application Interface functionality.
➤ Size: As I mentioned in the beginning, Preact is much lighter than React. React is 5.3 KB, whereas Preact is only 3 KB.
➤ Performance: Because of being lightweight, Preact is faster as compared to React applications.
2. Inferno JS
React developers introduced Inferno in 2017 as an experiment to check whether a library can improve the performance, battery, and UX of mobile applications. Inferno can develop client and server-side interfaces with fantastic speed, performance, and isomorphic rendering.
Inferno JS Pros
✸ Inferno is a lightweight React alternative
✸ It is super-fast as it uses internal objects for optimizations.
✸ Instead of copying React, Inferno has some unique lifestyle methods.
✸ Inferno uses the classic old CSS properties.
✸ You get add-ons like routing, server-side rendering, and more
Inferno JS Cons
✪ Inferno is not yet backed up by adequate community size. Because of the smaller ecosystem, you do not get timely help and support.
✪ Unlike React, Inferno does not support Hooks, Memo, suspense, or lazy to keep the library compact. However, you can keep considering these features while writing in Inferno.
✪ The setState works synchronously.
✪ To use any of the React components, you first need to write and use a React component.
Inferno JS Vs. React.js
➤ React has a fully synthetic event system, whereas Inferno only supports partial synthetic events, including certain functions such as onClick.
➤ You can not use React Native with Inferno as you can in React. Inferno surrounds the DOM structure for browser/server edits.
➤ It lacks support for React legacy strings like ref, callback, or createRef, etc.
➤ Using Inferno, you can get lifecycle events based on functional components instead of the ES2015 classes.
➤ You can debug your Inferno apps using React dev tool extensions by using “inferno-devtools” command.
➤ You can set up your styles in Inferno using the CSS property name method.
3. Backbone JS
Jeremy Ashkenas, who developed CoffeeScript and Underscore.js, also introduced Backbone.js, which is based on the MVP (model-view-presenter) paradigm, and it has a RESTfull JSON interface. You can use Backbone.js as an alternative to React.js in creating single-page web applications so that you can keep several pages synchronized.
✸ Uses a template engine for building your application’s flexible UI.
✸ It enables complex user interaction very easily.
✸ You can call all the underscore.js methods using your backbone.js objects.
✸ Backbone.js is extendable by using the varied plugins available.
✸ Your backbone.js classes can listen and trigger because they extend the event class.
✪ While using backbone.js, your developers can easily get into a mess of coding.
✪ Does not support data binding.
✪ Developers need to invest time and effort in learning the new syntax of coding backbone.js.
✪ It relies on underscore.js and is not independent.
Backbone.js Vs. React.js
➤ Backbone is comparatively much smaller and performant as compared to React.
➤ Backbon.js can avail support for routing and deep linking, unlike React.js.
➤ React.js still leads the market share in the top 10k and 100k sites.
➤ Backbone.js has proven stats that make it a master in industries like Arts, Games, Health, Entertainment, and more companies.
4. Ember JS
Yehuda Katz developed Ember JS in 2011 for creating web applications. It was earlier named SproutCore MVC framework, and it offers client-side rendering, URL support, templating mechanism, and fascinating functionality. Ember’s design has two-way and server-side rendering.
Ember JS Pros
✸ Ember offers support and maintenance for your developed project.
✸ It offers server-side rendering with URL support features and data binding.
✸ You can switch to the newer updates with Ember’s advanced control system.
✸ Ember JS provides you well-described documentation explaining which tools to use and which APIs to avoid for updated versions.
Ember JS Cons
✪ The applications that you develop in Ember seem to be a bit slower because of the rendering. However, they eventually pick up the speed.
✪ The Ember JS community is not as big as the React.js community, so your developers may lack the help. There are fewer examples and code libraries.
✪ Bottlenecks may arise in your project if you get the solution to the problem you are stuck in.
✪ There are no standard UI elements in Ember JS.
Ember JS Vs. React.js
➤ Ember JS is based on the MVVM (Model-View-ViewModel) model as compared to React.js’s DOM model.
➤ Ember offers two-way data binding, and React.js offers one-way data binding.
➤ React is ideal for dynamic and complex projects, whereas Ember JS is perfect for single-page applications SPAs.
➤ Ember has a command-line interface CLI, and React does not have it.
5. Vue JS
Vue JS Pros
✸ It is effortlessly convenient to use vue.js for your new or existing projects because it works on HTML templates.
✸ Vue offers a smooth integration process without impacting your entire system whether it is for your single page application or for a complex web interface.
✸ Like most of the alternatives of React.js, Vue JS is also smaller in its library size and hence offers better performance.
✸ Developers enthusiastically use VueJS because it has a really easy learning curve with detailed documentation.
Vue JS Cons
✪ There are chances to face troubles with Vue JS when developing large-scale applications.
✪ Vue JS has a comparatively small market share because it is new. You may find it challenging to get the help and support you need.
VueJS Vs. React.js
➤ You cannot reuse code in React.js other than for CSS, whereas Vue JS entails HTML and CSS code-reusability.
➤ Vue is better for rendering and optimization than React, as it enables out-of-the-box rendering features.
➤ The learning curve of Vue is simpler and easier than that of React. Your developers can work on your project briskly if using Vue.js.
Google released AngularJS in 2010 to help build applications that have a rich set of functions. By choosing AngularJS for your web or mobile application development, you do not have to look for other options because Angular is a complete framework.
Angular JS Pros
✸ With the AngularJS framework, developers can build a clean code of development.
✸ You get high performance with your apps developed with an Angular framework.
✸ You get an interface of material design with Angular.
✸ It is easy for your app users to shift from one view to another because AngularJS controls routing.
✸ Using the Angular command-line interface, you get regular updates of the framework for your web/mobile project.
✪ Angular has a steep learning curve, so beginners find it challenging to learn and adapt to this framework.
✪ You can’t rely on any help or support, because AngularJS lacks documentation.
✪ It gets a bit difficult to debug the routing with the scopes.
✪ Angular Apps with interactive elements take time to load.
✪ Third-party integration is not easily possible with the AngularJS framework.
✪ Your app developers may get troubled while upgrading their Angular versions.
AngularJS Vs. React.js
➤ One can develop dynamic web apps using Angular framework, whereas React.js helps you to build amazing UI components.
➤ AngularJS is based on the MVC model, and on the other hand, React.js is based on Virtual DOM.
➤ Testing and debugging are by-default with Angular, whereas with React you need add-ons to test and debug your project.
Which is the right React.js substitute for you?
One has a lightweight library size; the other one has MVC model architecture, one is for single-page-application, whereas another for web-projects. Each React.js alternative has its perks; it’s just on your requirements what is best suitable for your upcoming projects.
★ If you want to expand your current web project, then React.js is the perfect partner for you.
★ Vue.js is perfect when you want to migrate or upgrade your application for faster and smoother transmission.
★ And you may use Preact when you want to enhance the features and functionality of your existing React.js application. Hence, your app will be optimized performance-wise.
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